,.kMichelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni was born on March 6, 1475 and dies on February 18, 1564. He is truly the greatest italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet and engineer to have ever lived. Michelangelo never liked to consider himself a painter, he preferred to be revered for his work as an architect in the later years of his life. The Sistine Chapel is known worldwide and is the most famous chapel in the official residence of the Pope in Vatican city. Michelangelo’s representation of the Genesis covers twelve thousand square feet and took him four years to paint the amazing frescos.
It destroyed the old cathedral giving him an opportunity to reshape his image. Wanting to revive the glory that was ruined, he built churches to expand his empire around the Mediterranean. Then there’s Hagia Sophia which he dreamt to be the most advanced, most beautiful, and the most magnificent church to be built in the quickest period of time. Justinian hired two skilled men, Anthemius of Tralles the Physicist and Isidore the Elder the mathematician. The initial plan was simple with a gigantic central space 31 sq.
The small round-headed windows in the ground floor are also original features. At the end of the 12th century, Chepstow passed by marriage to William Marshal, a formidable soldier of fortune, and earl of Pembroke. With considerable experience in military architecture in France, he set about bringing fitz Osbern's castle up to date. He rebuilt the east curtain wall, with two round towers projecting outwards, in order to protect this vulnerable side. Arrow-slits in the towers were designed to give covering fire to the ground in front of the curtain, and this was one of the earliest examples of the new defensive mode which was to become characteristic of the medieval castle.
It is the seat of the Bishop of Durham. It is built on the high ground above the River Wear. The present cathedral was founded in 1093 AD and is one of the finest examples of Romanesque architecture in the world. Durham Cathedral contains the shrine of St Cuthbert and was and still is a place of pilgrimage. The building of huge cathedrals in the middle ages was seen as a reflection of faith.
The Basilica of Saint Mary: Its Influences The United States of America’s first basilica, the Basilica of Saint Mary, happens to be in our very backdoor of Minnesota (Chiat 22). It is a grand sight that cannot be missed when driving east bound from the west suburbs before reaching the underground highway 94 tunnel. Furthermore, the Basilica of Saint Mary was constructed between 1907 and 1915 (Basilica 1), but does not lack the history and tradition of its well known ancestors of the 11th/12th century. It was also honored by Pope Pius IX and designed by a French Architect by the name of Emmanuel L. Masqueray who has won a number of architectural awards both in the United States and in Europe (Masquray 2). As reflected by its designer, the Basilica of Saint Mary is nothing short of magnificent - it also has adopted numerous architectural designs from its early Romanesque predecessors.
There are many gothic churches that are still found throughout Europe today. The first church is probably one of the best known for its Gothic style. This church is named the Abbey Church of Saint-Denis. The Abbey Church of Saint-Denis is located near Paris, France. Between 1135 and 1137 this church began to be rebuilt from a fire that it suffered through.
The first gallery, the Whispering Gallery, just inside the dome, is renowned for its acoustics. The second gallery is the Stone Gallery and the third is the narrow Golden Gallery, encircling the lantern's base. The baroque interior is just as imposing as the exterior of the church. The mosaics on the ceiling were added in 1890 by William Richmond after Queen Victoria complained that there was not enough color in the cathedral. Several famous people are entombed in the cathedral's crypt.
History Essay Warkworth castle In this essay I am going to talk about the history of Warkworth castle and the different parts in it. Warkworth Castle is sited on high ground surrounded the River Coquet. The original motte and bailey castle was built in the mid 12th century by Earl Henry of Northumberland. Henry II gave Warkworth to Roger FitzRichard, who began to rebuild it in stone. His son Robert continued to improve and add to the buildings.
The two main competitors were two master goldsmiths,Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi, who has the support of Cosimo de Medici. Finally, Brunelleschi won and received the commission. The noticeable point is that it was the first 'octagonal' dome in history to be built without a temporary wooden supporting frame. The building of such a masonry dome posed many technical problems. Brunelleschi decided to follow the pantheon strategy but all the information about its construction was forgotten.
Gothic Architecture in French and English Cathedrals The Gothic style originated in France around 1140. It spread to other parts of Europe and remained the dominant style in northern Europe for the next 400 years. Like the preceding Romanesque style, the Gothic style is defined largely in terms of architecture, with many regional variants. As the Gothic style spread throughout Europe, it brought profound changes in Europe. French Gothic captured the imagination of English architects and the style influenced their building down through the centuries.