Life Of Marcus Junius Brutus

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The Life and Times of Marcus Junius Brutus The Roman Republic reached the conclusion of its existence starting with the reign of Julius Caesar around 50 BCE. The transition period that ended with the rule of Octavian was marred by civil war and political upheaval. The civil war began with Julius Caesar boldly crossing the Rubicon in defiance of Pompey and the Republicans. Throughout the war that would ultimately end with Pompey and the Optimates being crushed at Pharsalus in 48 BCE, Marcus Junius Brutus, descendent of the great Lucius Junius Brutus, sided with his former enemy Pompey in defense of the Republic. Despite this treason, he was granted full pardon from Julius Caesar who had always held him in high esteem. It is not clearly understood by history as to why Brutus was granted such preferential treatment by Caesar. It may be inconsequential as Caesar’s fate was most likely sealed regardless of the involvement of Brutus, however, Brutus was on of the key conspirators in the plot to depose Caesar and reinstate the Roman Republic. Marcus Junius Brutus was born around 85 BCE to a Roman family held in the highest regard by the citizens of the Republic. His great ancestor, Lucius Junius Brutus, is credited with founding the Republic in 509 BCE by deposing the last Tarquin king. Son to Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder and Servilia Caepionis, Brutus lost his father at an early age. He was officially adopted by his uncle, Quintus Servilius Caepio, whose name he took for an unspecified part of his life. Brutus’ formal education came under the tutelage of his mother’s half-brother, Cato the Younger. Cato, both a philosopher and politician of the time, was a Stoic who would be remembered for his unflinching resistance to corruption and support of Republican values. The education Brutus received under Cato would play a crucial role in molding his
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