The Roman Republic was facing internal problems that would cause it to ultimately collapse into the Roman Empire. Including social unrest between the classes and military entering into politics, among other reasons, the Roman Republic crumbled under itself and gave way to the beginning of new government. A second triumvirate ended with civil war and the Republic was over; however, Octavian created the Roman Empire in its place. Because of the stabilizing government, strong legal system and increasing trade, the Pax Romana was able to remain tied together for about 210 years. The Roman Republic was struggling to remain in power but the social unrest was a not a helping factor in helping the Republic to last for a while longer.
Daniel Agyei Robert Kotoviets LSO 210 6th November, 2012 HOW ROMAN EMPIRE FLOURISHED UNDER DIRECT DICTATORSHIP OF AUGUSTUS CAESAR Augustus Caesar who was also known as Gaius Octavius Thurinus at birth was born in 63 BC in a small town called Ox Head (Fagan). He was adopted by Julius Caesar and took on the name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavius in agreement with the Roman adopting naming standards (Fagan). He was taken to his father’s town to be raised there due to the chaotic nature of Rome at that time. In 59 BC, his father died and his mother got married to a former governor of Syria called Lucius Marcius Phillipus. His first public appearance was in BC 51 at the funeral of his grandmother Julia when he delivered the eulogy (Fagan).
After Julius Caesar was murdered, Augustus became his heir and raised an army to challenge Mark Antony who had taken control after Julius Caesars death. In 43 B.C. Antony was defeated and Augustus seized military power over Rome. For the following thirteen years Antony and Augustus had battles until 30 B.C. when Antony killed himself.
Describe the methods Julius Caesar used to advance his career up to 60BC. 10 marks Gaius Julius Caesar was born into a patrician, aristocratic family in 100BC and can be considered the most famous and well-known man of ancient Rome. His methods used to advance his career up to 60BC are often thought to be controversial and topics of debate. The hostility among both ancient and modern sources must be examined but also allow for the acknowledgement of Caesar’s accomplishments including his political office, public popularity and role as pontifex. Marian connections, political alliances and marriages all contributed to Caesar’s success up until 60BC.
In addition, Constantine returned from the eastern front during the spring of 303 to witness the “Great Persecution” of Christians. In May 305, Diocletian announced his resignation. Many had felt that he would choose Constantine has his successor; however, he was ignored (Lieu 130) Upon the death of his father in 306 Constantine was
How did Augustus establish and maintain his power? After the assassination of Julius Caesar in March 44BC, Augustus went to Rome to claim his inheritance and to avenge the death of his great uncle Julius. After liaising with Marc Antony and Lepidus to form an alliance called the triumvirate, they gained revenge over the murderers of Julius and divided the empire between themselves. However, Octavian was set to gain undivided power over Rome, in doing so; he gradually stripped his triumvirate of power and gained the favor of Rome. Octavian placed Lepidus in Pontius Maximus, which provided him with little power in politics; however Marc Antony would be more of an obstacle, as he had now equal rule of Egypt with his wife Cleopatra.
By the time of Julius Caesar's dictatorship and subsequent assassination at the hands of the Senate, the Roman Republic was in a virtual free-fall of corruption and struggle for power. The Roman people were tired of the turmoil brought on by decades of war and needed a leader that could and would restore peace, order, and prosperity. Nonetheless, thirteen years of civil war followed Caesar's assassination and during this time Octavian, the grand-nephew and heir of Caesar, came into his sizable inheritance. He entered into a military-dictatorship (the Second Triumvirate) of Rome with supporters of his late great-uncle, was given a senate seat, and was elected consul and granted imperium, all before the age of twenty. Before he was 32 years
e The Roman Empire is one the worlds great ancient civilization ,and a lot there ideas and ways of thinking are still being use today .Also there where many great leaders however none more famous than Julius Caesar . In February 44BC he declared himself dictator for life , because of this ,and his lust for all the trappings of power , this turned most of the senate members against him. So the question at hand is , was his murder justified under Roman traditions? To answer this question in the best way possible , first we must look at Roman traditions concerning kings , the Roman senate , and final Julius Caesar’s actions and see if it was
4/22/09 History 103 Prof. Elliot The rise and fall of the Roman Empire Many have heard the history of one of the greatest empires of all time. The Roman Empire had paved the path that the American founding fathers looked to for inspiration and wisdom from learning from the mistakes of historical leaders to create the government we are today. In researching, many wonder how exactly did the empire fail? It looked like the perfect and strongest form of government to the outside nations, and yet it failed still and became a lesson to others and just another page in a history book. Many historians have researched the military and the government of the Roman Empire and it is yet still difficult to find if there was an exact moment that the roman
Which was a combination of Greek and traditional cultures. He did this by building many of his cities with the name Alexandria. Intermarriage within the conquered peoples as well as philosophy, literature, art and history made a huge impact on the eastern world and the Greeks. At the age of thirty- three Alexander the Great was one of the most successful generals in history. He was able to obtain victory with skillful tactics, flexibility, a keen sense of logistics, and superior leadership.