The Roman Republic was facing internal problems that would cause it to ultimately collapse into the Roman Empire. Including social unrest between the classes and military entering into politics, among other reasons, the Roman Republic crumbled under itself and gave way to the beginning of new government. A second triumvirate ended with civil war and the Republic was over; however, Octavian created the Roman Empire in its place. Because of the stabilizing government, strong legal system and increasing trade, the Pax Romana was able to remain tied together for about 210 years. The Roman Republic was struggling to remain in power but the social unrest was a not a helping factor in helping the Republic to last for a while longer.
There was massive instability in the Empire when the Octavian forces defeated Mark Antony. However wars seemed to be happened all over the continent at this time. As instability occurred there was a fight for power. The Republic would eventually collapse and enter a coalition government run by Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey. They would lead until Caesar had enough military experience out of France to come in and defeat both their armies to become dictator.
How did Augustus establish and maintain his power? After the assassination of Julius Caesar in March 44BC, Augustus went to Rome to claim his inheritance and to avenge the death of his great uncle Julius. After liaising with Marc Antony and Lepidus to form an alliance called the triumvirate, they gained revenge over the murderers of Julius and divided the empire between themselves. However, Octavian was set to gain undivided power over Rome, in doing so; he gradually stripped his triumvirate of power and gained the favor of Rome. Octavian placed Lepidus in Pontius Maximus, which provided him with little power in politics; however Marc Antony would be more of an obstacle, as he had now equal rule of Egypt with his wife Cleopatra.
After Julius Caesar was murdered, Augustus became his heir and raised an army to challenge Mark Antony who had taken control after Julius Caesars death. In 43 B.C. Antony was defeated and Augustus seized military power over Rome. For the following thirteen years Antony and Augustus had battles until 30 B.C. when Antony killed himself.
Augustus After the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., Rome was in a state of chaos. His conspirators were soon dealt with by three men who were all looking for revenge and their own form of dominance. Those three men were Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian Caesar. Those three men would soon form the Second Triumvirate and eventually only one of those men would come to rule all of Rome. Octavian, soon to be known as Augustus, would become the first Roman Emperor.
Flag this Question Question 18 1 pts Among the dangerous military innovations of Marius threatening the Republic was his use of Greek mercenaries. Recruitment of destitute volunteers who swore an oath of allegiance only to him. theft the state treasury's tax revenues to buy weapons. proclamation of himself as dictator for life. all the above Flag this Question Question 19 1 pts The Twelve Tables was the meeting place of the Roman Senate.
By the time of Julius Caesar's dictatorship and subsequent assassination at the hands of the Senate, the Roman Republic was in a virtual free-fall of corruption and struggle for power. The Roman people were tired of the turmoil brought on by decades of war and needed a leader that could and would restore peace, order, and prosperity. Nonetheless, thirteen years of civil war followed Caesar's assassination and during this time Octavian, the grand-nephew and heir of Caesar, came into his sizable inheritance. He entered into a military-dictatorship (the Second Triumvirate) of Rome with supporters of his late great-uncle, was given a senate seat, and was elected consul and granted imperium, all before the age of twenty. Before he was 32 years
Chaos was created following the assassination of Julius Caesar. a struggle for power stood between Caesar’s first lieutenant Mark Anthony, and his grandnephew and adopted son Octavian. The struggles between the two were solved at Actium in 31 BCE. Here, Octavian’s navy routed the combined forces between Anthony and Queen Cleopatra. She desired the power to govern Rome’s empire, and to govern a vast Roman world-state.
Antoine Williams Professor Stamper Humanities 1301 Tuesday, March 26, 2013 Roman Emperors A hail of bullets to take over, and become leader! The Triumvirate of Octavian, Lepidus, and mark Antony ruled Rome after the defeat of the conspirators that had assassinated Julius Caesar. In which now that he is dead, now we know leader of Rome to be Augustus Caesar. See these thought that if they kill Julius that they would be able to run Rome little did they know they were in for an upset. Why, due to there being a legal heir to the throne of Rome.
My personal opinion is that Rome collapsed because of all the factors mentioned in this paper (and many more that I didn’t list). Some factors played larger roles than others but I think Rome’s collapse was due many, many variables. No matter how great a civilization or empire is, I think it’s inevitable that eventually, it will fall. How long it will take to fall what is unknown. I believe, unfortunately, the USA will one day crumble.