Progressive DBQ In the history of the United States the progressives attempted to change the lives of United States citizens for the better. Progressives are reformers who worked to improve social and political problems, beginning in the late 1800’s. During the industrialization era many reformers came together to solve the difficulties of society. There were several reform groups such as, the Populist Party and Muckrakers. Their goals were to help make life better for immigrants.
This informed liberals that the ‘welfare’ that the poor law provided, was not working. It could be said that this led to the introduction of reform acts in order to tackle the poverty felt by the young and the old. The Old Age Pensions Act was introduced in 1908 and provided the over 70’s with income to tackle their poverty. It was far more dignified than the provisions provided to the elderly prior to this as, unlike the poor law, it provided no shame to the people. One of the Acts passed to aid children was the Administrative Provision Act which appealed to the idea of National efficiency.
There were also other key factors such as the ideas of new liberalism, national efficiency, political pragmatism and national security to be taken into consideration of why the government changed its policy. It can be argued that the investigations of Charles Booth and Seebohm Rowntree results into Britain’s poverty were a significant motivating factor behind social reform in the nineteenth century. It revealed the true and mainly unsuspected levels of poverty which the wealthier classes of Britain were unaware of and was difficult to ignore as it was based on hard scientific data that the Victorians admired greatly and not simply an opinion by leading the government by abandoning its policy and adapting a more interventionist approach. The first investigation was conducted by Charles Booth, originally a Liverpool ship owner but by 1889 a London businessman, who doubted the claims of socialists that a quarter of the population lived in extreme poverty. At first he believed that the level of poverty in Britain was limited and could be dealt with by charity.
During the Great Depression, President Roosevelt used several revolutionary tactics to heal the suffering American economy. These tactics, the providing of public service jobs, the movement for social security and the implementation of a "blanket code" for workers rights, had great success and greatly revolutionized the role of the federal government. The providing of public service jobs (the New Deal) was the tactic that served to heal the most daunting problem in American society, unemployment (document J). In 1935 the Roosevelt administration created the WPA to help employ Americans for publicly funded projects such as "city beautification." As seen in Document J this jobs did help to greatly lower the percentage of unemployed between 1935 and 1938.
The Progressive Era, from the 1890’s to 1920’s, marked the movement of reform, aiming to protect social welfare, restore economic opportunities, and promote moral improvement in America. As the 20th century approached, many reformers of the middle-class addressed problems that contributed to the commotion in the earlier years. The Progressive Era inspired many reform activities, such as instructing poor immigrants and workers the values of hard work and temperance. The public became more aware of the problems across the country as journalists and writers exposed the labor conditions faced by factory workers. One particular reform felt that promoting moral improvement was more important in improving the lives of poor people than reform in the workplace.
The first direct move to alleviate the plight of deprived children came in 1906 with the passing of the Education (provision of meals) Act. This allowed local authorities to increase local taxes to cover the cost of providing free school meals for children in schools. It was successful in that children lost weight during the summer holidays, suggesting that school meals had become an important part of their diet. However, sadly this act did not achieve its goal of making sure all children in education received one nutritional meal a day. This was due to the fact that the Education Act did not force local authorities to provide free meals.
Between 1906 and 1914, the liberal government took steps in the provisions of welfare policies in a bid to help the impoverished people of Britain. These steps indicated a move away from the non-intervention policy known as ‘laissez faire’ to a more ‘collectivist’ approach. The changes which took place signalled a huge change in attitude; the poor were no longer condemned, but were accepted as unfortunate but equal citizens, whose rights had to be acknowledged. The reforms aimed to help the young, old, unemployed and sick, as it was clear that these groups were more likely to endure poverty. Winston Churchill summed the nature of the liberal welfare reforms, ‘If we see a drowning man we do not drag him to the shore.
Scott martin – extended essay - liberal reforms Question – how successfully did the Liberal government (1906-14). Tackle the problem of poverty? Many historians argue the liberals effectively tackled the problem of poverty once elected in 1906 in their landslide victory. Once the party was elected however it was still very much in favour of its laissez-faire policy and social reform was not high in its parties priorities, it took significant time and pressure also some very notable individuals such as Lloyd George or Winston Churchill to change the course of Britain’s welfare system and unwittingly perhaps set up the foundations of the welfare state in the future. This essay will show how the liberals aimed to tackle the problem of
A’lexûs Austin August 28, 2013 English 1113-M Essay 1 Uniforms Helping Schools Learning in schools has gotten better. Over the past couple years or so, more and more public schools have implemented policies requiring children to wear uniforms. This policy has helped students and schools as a whole. Mandated uniforms have eliminated distractions, equalized student population, and caused students to get dressed faster in the mornings. I understand that some people feel that uniforms are a waste of time, but they can never tell anyone why.