Explain why Alexander II introduced further reforms after the emancipation edict of 1861 Emancipation opened many opportunities for further reforms and forced a change in the structure of the Russian society. Serfdom was abolished and the nobility could no longer control them which led to light being shed on other problems in society such as the law, industry and also the military. The most important reason for the introduction of further reforms is that they were a reasonable response to the emancipation of the serfs, but only in short term. The emancipation act gave the serfs power to control their own lives instead of being dictated by people of a higher status, such as the nobility. For this, rural councils known as the Zemstvas were set up in 1864 which offered the serfs a representative government; but they were mostly dominated by the nobility and professionals and many of them resented their loss of power over the serfs.
When this book was written in the 1970’s, America was going through a drastic change in culture with the help of the civil rights movement. During this time period it took a while for some Americans to adjust to the situation because they felt a little uncomfortable with all of the changes that were occurring and furthered the idea that people are afraid of change. In Silko’s novel, the people of Laguna are simply afraid of change because of the way they treated Tayo, who was known as a “half-breed” (Native American descent mixed with Caucasian). A character by the name of Night Swan, discussed with Tayo about that issue. Night Swan told Tayo with an understanding tone, “I saw the color of your eyes.” She addressed the fact that he was embarrassed because he was of a mixed ethnicity.
We cannot say that the same procedure can be applied in an old communist country because people and the government are very corrupt. However, my country is trying to get through tough times, it is trying to make valuable changes to the
However it created land ownership problems which with the redemption fee system created bitterness amongst peasants and became known as ‘the great disappointment’ . His other reforms such as changes to the legal system, military and education, also gave Russian’s a greater freedom, however he didn’t provide the extensive changes to autocracy and society that radicals hoped for. As the population got a taste of liberalisation opposition increased, threatening the tsarist regime, forcing Alexander II to use repression to maintain control. Some historians suggest this shift from reform to reaction was directly related to the first assassination attempt on his life. However, Jonathan Bromley argues that there was no conservative shift as just prior to his death he agreed in principal to a national assembly.
Looking throughout the Tsars reign it is apparent that his many failings encouraged the people to up rise and change the current form of government. His inability to handle the social and economic conditions or his input towards them, brought the blame of many problems some even of external problems. It was predominantly the Tsars poor character and action that lead to his removal as he did not acquire many of the characteristics and knowledge to rule a country and his decisions were poorly made in respect to the public. Revolutionary ideas provided the people with an answer to the their problems; the Tsar. If the Tsar had the capacity to rule, understand and the desire to lead his dynasty would not of ended at all or in such devastating
The law brought positive changes to the country encouraging more people to seek employment, “working people developed their own self-help movement”. Walsh M, et al, 2000. But also created some negative changes, working conditions were extremely harsh and families were split up. The amendment act was disliked by the poor population of the country because of the leissez-faire system the government had in place, the government’s approach on leissez-faire was to intervene as little as possible with the direction of economic affairs. This had an impact on the poor, it caused stigma and the poor had a mark of disgrace on their reputation.
Civilizations resemble The Revolution of mankind which had changed its qualities and values over time ever since the period of human socialization where people learn how to interact with each other. In our current society, even though a high level of education, Science and government has been reached, but just like an antique bottle that seems strong but fragile, our civilized society can easily fall apart due to causes such as the inner potential of brutality within individual that can be brought out under critical situations, the fear of the unknown which brings along misjudgment for people and the loss of legal guidelines which keeps society together by defining what is right and what is wrong. In the beginning of the novel Lord of the Flies, when the boys first arrive to the island they were portrayed as bunch of peaceful and innocent British school boys. By knowing that they might not get rescued and the fact that they were being isolated from the outside world and facing the task of surviving the island’s wildness without any supervision from the adult/grownups, the boys had to adapt with their surroundings and came up with their own rules which replicates survival of the fitness in which only the strongest or the one with the most
There are more events that display injustice in our society nevertheless we the people tend to look the other way and allow our legal system to continue being this way. And why is that we look the other way ? We look the other way when something is injustice because we know that fighting it will not bring justice therefore the battle is already lost. So ask me again what justice means to me ? Over the years as I gain more and more knowledge about the country I live in my perception of justice changes.
The United States is built upon change. The country citizens live in today is definitely different from the country established by the Declaration of Independence so many years ago. However, these changes did not take place in a day. Throughout the years, citizens have gone through social unjust and turmoil that have demanded change. From year to year, Americans have done their best to get their voices heard and get the changes they wanted to see.
The consequences of the cold war and the emergence of the two super powers also made civil rights movement make little progress- the USA and USSR who were a threat to one another so because of such conflicts between the two there was regression of the civil rights movement. There were no well-known leaders in 1950-54 who were motivated and willing to make change and make civil rights movement’s progress. However after the Second World War people began to realise that a transformation was necessary so civil rights movement began to progress then onwards. Inspirational leaders including Truman Martin Luther King and Thurgood Marshall saw the incident of Rosa Parks and realised so Truman desegregated armed forces and improved aspects of life for the African Americans. The help of the NAACP also helped civil rights to progress because the group wanted to fight for the rights for African Americans.