After the emancipation of slavery in the 1800’s, African Americans have struggled to be treated with the same equal rights as Europeans. Even with the laws that were pasted to protect African Americans there were states that ignored and created new laws to overturn the laws to protect African Americans. The ignorant of Europeans who denied African Americans the equal rights the laws stated they deserved. African Americans decided to stand up for themselves by developing non violent protest movement to fight for the equal rights of African Americans. ("Civil Rights Movement") Martin Luther King Jr. became the leader of the non violent protest movement in the 1950’s.The development of Martin Luther King Jr. in this era started when an African American woman named Rosa Parks, who refused to give up her seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama.
How far do you agree that the black power achieved little for black Americans Some of the thing that the black power movement wanted to achieve was self sufficiency to reinforce black culture and to have independence from white people, they did this through a variety of different ways and allot of their campaigns involved violent protests however they saw it as self defence. However whether they were successful in their actions is debatable. One way in which they achieved their aims was with the creation of the Black Panthers. Their main aims were to organise the working class black community improve the conditions in the northern ghettos and implement a 10 point program they had made. They had many different methods of doing this such as patrol the pigs, liberation schools and president elections.
Following the Second World War which African Americans had played such a large part in, and ended up still coming home to beatings and brutal racism, President Truman felt obliged to commit to Civil Rights for African Americans. Strongly demonstrated through his report titled ‘to secure these rights.’ in 1947, which outlined many of the hardships faced by African Americans and provided recommendations on how to solve them. Following the report several initiatives were pushed through by Truman, such as the signing of Executive Order 9980 and Executive Order 10308. These were crucial in improving the lives of African Americans as they guaranteed fair employment practices in the Civil Services and that defence contracts would not go to companies that discriminated against African Americans, hence empowering them in the workplace. On the other hand it could be argued that the Second World War’s influence was in fact limited.
Although the black power movement could have appeared to slow down the progress of civil rights campaigns like it had done in the early 60s, it created a new wave of radical ideas that forced the nation to react. Within 1965-68, it was not just the Black Power movement that emerged, there were several other events that must also be considered as factors that diminished the civil rights campaigns. The issues however, that the civil rights campaign aspired to were still very much in the minds of politicians and decision makers. African Americans (AA) realised that even though constitutional and legal equality had been attained their lives largely remained unchanged. In 1964 the Civil Rights Act was passed and in 1965 as did the Voting Rights Act.
Between 1954 and 1968 in the country of America change was being heavily sought after in the area of black civil rights. Discrimination towards blacks was cemented into the law system, with the general public view from whites, especially in the south, agreeing with these. However the advancement of black Americans was the accomplishment of a progressive struggle which achieved much change for this suffering community. One man who was seen as an important figure for the ways in which change was created and the vastness of the support for campaigns which followed this main goal was Martin Luther King. I believe that the contribution of Martin Luther King was huge for the Civil Rights Campaign, however many important campaigners were overshadowed by King who possibly got too much credit when it was due elsewhere.
Another significant reason why the US intervened in South East Asia was the power vacuum after Dien Bien Phu. The French were defeated and withdrew from Vietnam, and the US were worried that China, or even perhaps the Soviets would begin to take control. Then Ho Chi Minh emerged as a potential leader; Ho had spent time in Moscow and the US viewed him as a communist rather than a nationalist, which meant they feared him being in power and therefore, they had to get involved in South East Asia. Alternatively, the US may have intervened in South East Asia because of the lack of faith in the Geneva accords.
Another Major flaw was that “the country, whose president, Woodrow Wilson, had dreamt up the idea of the League - America -, refused to join it.” The league’s most powerful militaries Britain and France not only suffered casualties, but also economically as they were greatly in debt to the United States. Because of this neither country was enthusiastic to get involved in disputes that did not affect Western Europe. Therefore the League had no military might and could only enforce economic sanctions in hope that they worked against aggressive nations. All these flaws point to signs that the League of Nations was a failure. However, even though there were a few setbacks, the league was a success in many ways.
Ideas that could have reformed communism were silenced. The biggest difference between the Hungarian uprising and the Prague Spring was that, initially Czechoslovakia liked the idea of the Warsaw Pact but there attitudes changed slowly of time where as Hugary was instantly against it and didn't want to be part of the Warsaw pact. Hungary had more strain on their relationship with the USSR because Hungary were more immediately rebellious where as Czechoslovakia were more cooperative to start with. The biggest similarity between the Hungarian Uprising and the Prague Spring was their attitudes towards the West as they were both disappointed in the West because the West didn't help them in their uprisings but the they didn't. Also, both Hungary and Czechoslovakia eventually said that they wanted to get away from communism.
Therefore the question of whether the collapse of the USSR is unavoidable, could be solved differently or should have been more radical had all came up. From the time as Gorbachev became as General Secretary until the collapse in 1991, there are several impacts of other causes of the breakdown such as the polices, economy, resistance within the party and etc. The situation before Gorbachev came into power Stalin tried to modernize Russia and catch up with the western countries. His system led to large-scale industrialization and economic growth, but was not adaptable. The product quality was far beyond Western standards which did not meet the people’s needs and the environment suffered heavy disasters.
His reform included different aspect; such as political, social and economic. He also appointed Peter Stolypin as the prime minister to stabilize the country. Nicholas II had tried his best to regain people’s support and stop the revolution tide through the reforms however resentment of his wife and her involvement with the mystical Rasputin was widespread and did little to regain the peoples trust. Also the state of the country during World War One left a lot to be desired and created a lot of dissatisfaction amongst the Russian people. The personality of Nicholas II contributed to his downfall in 1917.