Child and Young Person Development Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. |Age (years) |Physical Development |Communication and intellectual development |Social, emotional and behavioural development| |0 – 3 |If the baby is pulled to sitting position, |The baby responds to sounds, especially familiar |A baby’s first smile in definite response to | | |the head will lag, the back curves over and |sounds. |carer is usually around 5-6 weeks. | | |the head falls. |The baby shows excitement at sound of approaching |The baby turns to regard nearby speaker’s | | |The baby turns its head towards the light and|footsteps or voices.
According to Berger fine motor skills are “physical abilities involving small body movements, especially of the hands and fingers, such as drawing and picking up a coin”(Berger 145). Berger states that “toward the end of the first year and throughout the second, finger skills improve, as babies master the pincer movement and self-feeding” (Berger 145). According to this information Maya being two years old is inside the range of this skill and within the norm. Cognitive Development: As Maya observed the toys she quickly started banging on them using her hands. She looked amused with the “bang” noise the toys were making.
Each aspect is important and all have impact on each other. To better explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development, the development will be divided into age groups: ZERO TO SIX MONTHS BABY Physical Development: • From the birth each month we can see the changes in the weight of the baby and the growth of the body parts • It will be able to turn its head to sound and movement • Watch the parent’s face while feeding • Smile at familiar faces and voices • stretches to reach its feet while lying down • tries to reach for and grab objects • keeps things in its mouth independently. Social and emotional development: • A six month old baby will respond to their mother’s face, smile. • Needs comfort and cuddles from their parents. Language development: • A six month old baby will be able to make a variety of happy sounds.
Several experiments have reported that newborn infants, just a few hours from birth, are able to discriminate between individual faces, and will evidently show preference for the mother’s face when she is shown paired with a female stranger’s face. Furthermore, many researchers also focus on the question on when the infant is first able to recognize the mother’s face. In addition to this, it is also important to point out how infants are able to recognize familiar faces. Studies and researches on infant perception gives an insight on when and how a human brain is able to recognize faces and objects along with the neural processes involved in this task. From birth, infants appear to find faces very interesting to look at, and from a very young age, they display impressive competency at detecting information in the face such as identity, emotional expression and direction of eye gaze.
By six months a babies muscles will begin to develop, so they will reach out and hold objects in their hands. They develop their social and emotional development by responding to voices and face’s especially that of their close family. Children’s language development usually begins in there first three-six months. They will start making new and different noises and display their feelings by crying, squealing and laughing and enjoy vocal play, trying to mimic movements and sounds. By one they will begin to crawl or shuffle along, pulling themselves up onto furniture or pushing on things to stand up using furniture as a support to move themselves along.
Our book says that a 4-year-old child can tell simple stories and can engage in conversation with adults or other children. Cognitive development is defined as thinking, problem solving, concept understanding, and information processing and overall intelligence. As I got to watching her play I acknowledged her ability to interact with kids and how well she problem solved for herself. As the book suggests preschooler’s vocabulary increases hugely by age 4 and their intelligence even more. She was given a puzzle to do while I was there and noticed her ability to problem solve very well.
Gopnik first uses a personal experience to captivate her audience then proceeds to provide scientific evidence on the psychological abilities of children, beginning with newborn babies to toddlers about the age of four. The author informs readers on the thought capabilities of children by providing examples of the changes in mind development in different age categories. She suggests that "newborn babies (the youngest tested was only 42 minutes old) can imitate facial expressions" (Gopnik, 238) and how children that are nine months old can already distinguish between internal feelings such as happiness, sadness and anger. Gopnik recaps experiments that discover how children have learnt about people's wants and how they may conflict with their own in this portion of her writing. Two year old children seem to turn intentionally difficult and challenge their parents constantly, letting desire take control.
Physical changes include the loss of "baby fat," the legs become longer and thinner, and they move around with improved dexterity (Landers, 2013). Parents notice that their children begin to talk incessantly using complete sentences. Children at this age listen intently to interesting stories. In early childhood, preschoolers become possessive with their belongings or with an object that they are playing with, asserting their rights by the "mine" theory. If they possess a strong sense of self, they are more capable of reasoning and cooperating in resolving a dispute (Berk, 2010).
Two children one girl of eight and one boy of sixteen were given a self- completion questionnaire that started with the question ‘who am I’, and continued with ten numbered lines each beginning with ‘I’, that the participants were asked to write their chosen descriptions of themselves, after the participants had open ended interviews with the children individually to find out about their self- perceptions. It has been established that children’s self-descriptors change as they become more aware of outside influences as they get older. Thus the hypothesis was supported. Introduction This study explores how children’s self –descriptions of themselves change as they become older. Harter (1983) reviewed several studies and outlined a developmental sequence in which children’s self-descriptions change as they become more aware of the information about themselves available from other sources.
Children who do have a higher risk of brain damage and can cause some damage to their eyes. There are at least 259 infants in the medical study and there are 249 are or were exposed to media on a regular basis daily. Children that are at the age of at less than six years old have a much greater risk, who watched two hours a day of screen time. They can have learning difficulties in school when they watched television or being on a computer or playing video games. Children influence their parents by having them spend money on them by getting new games for their television that have their game system hooked up.