The last reflex is the walking and standing reflex, when babies are help up with their feet on the floor or a firm ground and they begin to perform stepping movements as if they are walking. Cognitive – Babies can recognise the smell and sound of their mother’s voice. Communication – Crying when they are hungry. Tired, need changing or distressed. Social/Emotional and Behavioural – Mostly when feeding they love close contact between the parent/carer and the baby.
As they progress up to 12 months they will learn to watch movements of their own hands, they will be able to roll over, sit with support, sit without support, reach out for toys when sitting, and crawl or shuffle along the floor. By 12 months most babies will be able to stand alone, or walk by holding on this is known as cruising. Children will also start to show their preferred hand, they will pick up things from the floor with a pincer grip. Children will start to kick and throw balls, walk with thier parent holding their hand downstairs. In the second year most children will start to walk on their own, they will enjoy climbing on furniture, walking up and down the stairs.
Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years to include * physical * communication/ interlectual * social and emotional behaviour. The extended pattern of a child and young person’s development between the ages of 0-19 years come under 3 milestones. These milestones are physical development, communication and intellectual development and social and emotional behaviour. Physical development. When a child is born they are physically active they will be trying to lift their heads up kicking and waving their arms about.
They will be saying a couple of clear words – ma, papa, dada and my personal favourite ‘no’. Between the ages of 2 and 3 the child will enjoy colouring, learning names of objects, forming sentences, developing a personality, throwing tantrums, play with water sing nursery rhymes, run, put together jigsaw puzzles, put their shoes on and even dress themselves. 3 to 7 year olds will start to understand the difference between right and wrong, between 3 and 4 they develop motor skills. They can play games; start making friends in nursery and follow instructions. They attempt to write, recognise the alphabet and numbers and build on their social skills.
From birth to 19 years, children grow continually. The sequence in which all children and young people follow will be similar as they will have to develop one skill to move onto the next, however the rate of development will vary. The development can be measured through social and emotional, physical, intellectual, and language milestones to ensure that each individual child is developing on target. Social and emotional development covers aspects of relationships to self-confidence. To ensure a child’s social development is on target, praise, guidance, support and encouragement are key when helping them interact with others around them.
12 to 18 years: Physical Development: Puberty and hormonal changes often leading to disparity between strength in boys and the onset of menstruation in girls. At age 16 many girls have reached physical maturity but boys will continue to develop until the age of 20. Communication and Intellectual Development: Young
Social and emotional development 3. Intellectual development 4. Language development Milestones mark the achievement of certain mental and physical abilities and signal the end of period and the beginning of another. The age ranges for each milestone are: 0- 3 years 3- 7 years 7-12 years 12-19 years Age 0 to 3 years 1. Physical development: Babies turn their head towards sounds and movement’s .They like to watch the face of adult at feeding time.
1-3 Years By their first birthday, most babies have learnt the basics of movement and being mobile by either sitting, rolling, shuffling or crawling around. Some babies have even started standing with little or no support, and some are even walking. They use their hands for pointing, waving, feeding themselves and holding small objects. They will also enjoy playing with a ball and at this stage want to climb on everything or anything. By the time they have reached the age of three, a child’s fine motor skills will be used with a lot more control and they are able to hold a pencil and turn the pages of a book.
Introduction In this piece of work I will be writing a detailed account of the progress a 0-5 year old would be expected to make. This piece of work will focus on Physical Development. It will include how Physical Development affects a child holistically and in all other types of development. This piece of work will be broken down into stages according to the child’s age. It will contain pictures and diagrams to back up my points and provide further explanation.
Task 1. There are 4 different development types in which each individual experiences before they reach adulthood; physical development, intellectual development, language development and social and emotional development. Physical development begins before an individual is even born but the development really begins as soon as they are born. By 6 months of age an infant can usually turn their heads to the sounds of familiar words and voices and smile, they will also be able to hold and shake objects such as a rattle when they are introduced to play objects. By age 1 they will have developed more detail in what they can see so will be able to tell the difference between given food and given a play toy.