Children are usually diagnosed before six months of age, more often before three months of age. Symptoms may even start in the womb. (Hockenberry & Wilson, 2007, p. 1816)The most cardinal clinical manifestation of the disease is inactivity. Other symptoms are floppy limbs and trunk, feeble movements of the arms and legs, swallowing difficulties, poor sucking reflex, weakness, absent deep tendon reflexes, weak cry or cough, , flaccid or reduced muscle tone, the patient may tire easily, exhibit a failure to thrive, posses abnormal tongue movements, and the patient is unable to sit alone, roll over independently, or walk. Their chest may appear concave or Bell-shaped.
The results of these tests show that fibromyalgia patients have impairments in working, episodic, and semantic memory that mimic about 20 years of aging. These patients have particular difficulty with memory when tasks are complex and their attention is divided. Cognitive symptoms in these patients may be exacerbated by the presence of depression, anxiety, sleep problems, endocrine disturbances, and pain, but the relationship of these factors to cognitive problems in fibromyalgia patients is unclear” (Glass, 2008). “One explanation why people with fibromyalgia may have cognitive difficulties is decreased levels of important neurotransmitters. There is evidence that FMS patients have significantly lower levels of serum serotonin.
What is most alarming are the before and after photos of chronic meth users. In the matter of just a few years, a user can go from looking like a normal, healthy being into a total transformation. A period of a few years can age a person 10 to 20 years. This includes hollow cheeks, sores on their face, malnourished and also deteriorates their gums and teeth leaving them with what
In general, both children and adults with sickle cell anemia are more vulnerable to infections. This vulnerability is the result of spleen, the organ that filters blood, damage from sickled erythrocytes. Spleen damage prevents the organ from destroying bacteria in the blood. All individuals with the disease, especially young children, are susceptible to bacterial infections such as sepsis, pneumonia and meningitis (Bindon, 2004). Pneumococcal infections was the principal cause of death in children with sickle cell anemia until physicians began routinely giving penicillin on a preventive basis to those who are diagnosed at birth or in early infancy (Bownas, 2000).
The prevalence of this disease is 1/10,000 to 1/15,000 girls worldwide, making it one of the most common genetic causes of severe mental retardation in girls. Rett syndrome is characterized by normal development for the first 6 to 18 months of age, followed by a period of regression in which the girls lose language and motor skills. Purposeful hand use is replaced by repetitive stereotyped hand movements. Decelerating head growth and autistic features such as diminished eye contact and emotional withdrawal also occur. Additional characteristics include anxiety, respiratory dysfunctions, and impairment of sleeping patterns, cardiac abnormalities, seizures, loss of locomotion and bone density deficits.
Almost none of these babies have normal brain development. Infants and children with fetal alcohol syndrome have many different problems, which can be difficult to manage. Children do best if they are diagnosed early and referred to a team of health care providers who can work on educational and behavioral strategies that fit the child's needs. CDC studies have shown that 0.2 to 1.5 cases of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) occur for every 1,000 live births in certain areas of the United States. Fetal Alcohol Effects (a less severe set of alcohol-related abnormalities) is estimated to occur in 3-5 live births per every 1,000 in the United States each year.
People with multiple outdoor activities have higher risks of becoming infected. Children between the ages of 5-14 years old and adults between the ages of 45-54 years old have the highest reported incidents of contracting Lyme disease. If diagnosed in early stages, Lyme disease can be cured with three to four week course of antibiotics such as doxycycline, amoxicillin, or cefuroxime axetil. Without treatment, complications involving the joint, heart, and nervous system can occur. People who have neurological or cardiac issues may require the use of other drugs such as ceftriaxone or penicillin that have to be taken
These causes of death include unintentional injury, suicide, diabetes, chronic liver disease, certain cancers, and alcohol-related mortality ("Causes of Death Among American Indians and Alaska Natives," 2014). Other main challenges facing the AI/ANs are obesity and diabetes. The general population shows that one in five children are overweight compared with two in five children among AI/ANs. Does the way health promotion is viewed or barriers/disparities facing the AI/ANs affect the outcome of such preventable
However, children and young adults can also experience this disease as a result of number of rare diseases and conditions. For example, in Batten Disease, unfortunately, Alzheimer’ disease can be observed in many facets, many age ranges, in many different aberrations. The intensity ranges from mild to almost extreme of the worst possible. This disease seems very difficult to treat in the world of Batten disease accompanied with all the paroxysm and psychological issue that the children are going through. (Taylor, Richard 2007) Some of the reasons that why awareness is important for parents about this disease are 1) Low awareness results in higher medical costs 2) Awareness facilitates timely medical arbitration 3) Awareness diminishes disgrace and further facilitates timely intervention 4) Awareness of risks involved can lower the incidence of this disease 5) Awareness speeds up scientific progress.
The disease is often detected in the first few weeks of life. Due to the buildup of lipids in the CNS, motor control, swallowing, and mental capabilities are impaired. In the very worst of cases most children do not live beyond two years, in mild cases some are known to live into their teen years. The trait is passed on when both parents carry a defective gene that moderates protein sphingomyelin. The likelihood of the child getting Farber’s is twenty five percent; there is a fifty percent chance that the child will carry the defective gene with no symptoms, a carrier.