Unfortunately there is no cure for CP, but there are treatments, therapy, and in some cases sugary to help the child live with the condition. Cerebral Palsy is one of the most common congenital disorders of childhood. An average of half a million adults and children suffer from CP in the United States. This disorder affects both complex and simple muscle coordination and also affects normal vital functions such as breathing, bladder and bowel control, eating and learning. Fortunately CP does not get worse over time.
There are several different forms of muscular dystrophy, each of which weakens different muscle groups in various ways. The first type is Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, the most common type of the disease, is caused by a problem with the gene that makes the protein, dystropin. The second type is Becker Muscular Dystrophy, which is similar to Duchenne’s, but it’s symptoms like muscle breakdown and weakness occur at age 10 or even as an adult. The third type is Emery-Driefuss Muscular Dystrophy which affects mostly boys, involves joint problems in muscles, upper arms, and shins. There are also many other types, but these are the most common.
There are a number of common types of jaundice that occur. One of the most common is Physiological (normal) jaundice. This type occurring in most newborns, this mild jaundice is due to the immaturity of the baby's liver, which leads to a slow processing of bilirubin. It generally appears at 2 to 4 days of age and disappears by 1 to 2 weeks of age. Another type is Jaundice of prematurity.
It is a elusive and often misdiagnosed form of abuse. Shaken Baby Syndrome is the leading cause of death in abused children. A paper published in 1962 examined symptoms in infants unrelated to an accident but caused by abuse. The author, C. Henry Kempe looked at “outward physical indications of injury, such as poor skin hygiene, multiple soft-tissue injuries, malnutrition, fractures, and a history of previous episodes suggestive of parental neglect or trauma” (Isser & Schwartz, 2004, p. 291). In 1972 and 1974 a pediatric radiologist named John Caffey looked further at
Type 1 is the most severe form. Children with type 1 Usher syndrome are born deaf at birth and have major balance problems. Children with type 1 Usher syndrome usually lose their vision by age 10. Type 2 Usher syndrome characteristics include moderate to severe hearing loss at birth but normal balance. Depending on the severity of hearing loss most children with type 2 can benefit from hearing aids and communicate verbally.
Eczema Eczema is a general term for many types of skin dermatitis. The most common form of eczema is Contact Dermatitis. However, there are many different forms of eczema. Eczema can affect people of any age, although the condition is most common in infants, and about 85% of those affected have onset prior to 5 years of age (this has been said by MedicineNet.com). Eczema will permanently go away by age of 3 in about half of affected infants.
Consequently, individuals with meningocele may suffer minor disabilities; but can develop additional problems later in life (Spina Bifida Association, 2011). Meningomyelocele is the most severe type of spina bifida, which occurs when the meninges, spinal cord, and spinal nerves all protrude. As a
Retinopathy of Prematurity Retinopathy of prematurity is an abnormality of the blood vessels of the retina. This abnormality is usually common if a baby is born premature or before 37 weeks of gestation or weighing less than 1500 g. These blood vessels begin to develop at about 3 months of pregnancy. They do not stop developing until after birth. When a child is born premature their eyes are still not fully developed. The vessels may stop growing or develop abnormally.
The prenatal form has been described as a more severe, congenital form of Caffey disease that is probably inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Patients present with major angulation of the long bones, generalized symmetrical involvement of the skeleton, and polyhydramnios. Because the prenatal form is a rare presentation of Caffey disease, the remaining discussion in this article, except in the differential diagnostic section, pertains to the more common, infantile form. [5, 6] Hyperostosis has also been
Even with that drop in the death rate, SIDS is still responsible for about 3,000 deaths per year (“Sudden Infant Death” 1621). There is a theory that SIDS is caused by rapid development. This theory that SIDS is a developmental thing argues that because a baby's brain is growing so quickly during its first six months of life, there is a chance that it may send an abnormal or wrong message to a critical organ system. Another theory is simply that these infants are just not healthy to begin with. This idea says that the baby's time in the womb before it was born may have placed it more at risk.