Therefore if there are chemical imbalances abnormality may occur, for example low levels of serotonin are linked to depression and schizophrenia is linked with high levels of dopamine. Moreover the brain itself has no immune response and it relies on keeping bacteria which causes affections out. Infections the get into the brain can cause widespread damage. Torrey (2001) found that mothers of many people with schizophrenia had contracted a particular type of flue
Although the infant is finally discharged in good condition, the mistake is a hard lesson for all healthcare workers. Let’s take a closer look at how the error had happened. Phytonadione, an antidote of Coumadin, is frequently used in the prevention of blood thinning in the newborn. The common brand name in the United States includes AquaMephyton and Mephyton. According to Schull’s drug handbook (2006), Phytonadione acts on the liver to promote the production of active prothrombin, proconvertin, plasma thromboplastin component, and Stuart factor.
This is called choridal neovascularization. These blood vessels leak blood and fluid into the retina, causing distortion of vision. The dry form of macular can also lead to the wet form. Only about 10% of patients with macular degeneration develop the wet form, they make up the majority who experience serious vision loss from the disease. Macular degeneration can be passed from parent to child, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and being light skinned, female and having light eye color are also risks for macular degeneration (webmd copy write 2005-2014, LLC) Glaucoma is an eye disease characterized by dysfunction of the ocular drainage system.
Most children who develop asthma have a family history of allergies. Early damage to the lungs caused by cystic fibrosis, premature birth, artificial ventilation in an intensive care unit, and certain viral illnesses (especially respiratory syncytial virus [RSV]) can also cause a predisposition to asthma. The severity of asthma varies greatly from child to child. Mild cases may involve only a cough associated with exercise or at night. The milder forms of the disease are the most common, but asthma in its most severe form can result in a catastrophic shortness of breath that leads to death Many simple steps can be taken to reduce asthma triggers in a child's home.
Hand Foot and Mouth Disease is a common contagious illness caused by viruses from the enterovirus family, most commonly the coxsackievirus. These viruses live in the body’s digestive tract and spread from person to person, usually on unwashed hands and surfaces contaminated by feces. Kids ages one to four are most prone to the disease. The disease is mostly seen in child care centers, preschools and other places kids congregate. The illness last usually from three to five days.
A kidney infection needs rapid medical care. If not treated accurately, a kidney infection can permanently damage your kidneys or the bacteria can spread to your bloodstream and cause a life-threatening infection. Kidney infection treatment typically consists of antibiotics and often needs hospitalization. When the 34 year old woman was brought into the emergency room the conditions that led to the conclusion of pyelonephritis is first off the fever she had and the chills. The 34 year old also had back pain, most likely lower back pain where the kidneys are located.
Some people actually confuse their mild outbreaks with other skin conditions such as “eczema”. Early after infection, some people experience prodrome, a tingling, itching feeling that occurs in an area where blisters will shortly develop. Contrary to popular belief, both types can cause genital herpes (Osondu). Transmission is made during contact with a sore or fluid from an infected person, including fetal infection during birth when sores are present on the mother. The reservoirs of the virus are typically ocular, oral, or genital epithelial cells (Hodge).
Sickle cell trait occurred as a natural mutation of the haemoglobin gene. Sickling decreases the cells' flexibility and results in a risk of various complications. (2) The sickling occurs because of a mutation in the haemoglobin gene. The cause is inherited. Sickle-cell anaemia is a form of sickle-cell disease in which there is homozygosity for the mutation that causes HbS.
That’s only one of the many deformities of Sickle Cell Anemia. With “Sickle Cell Anemia the sickled shaped red blood cells blocks the blood flow in the blood vessels of limbs and organs which causes serious infections and organ damage” (BlackDoctorInc. Page 1).This disease is an inherited disease which is most common in African Americans and people from the Middle East. Sickle Cell Anemia has come a long way from when it was founded in 1910 there is no cure yet but Doctors are finding ways to live day to day with this disease while still looking for a cure. “The disorder we call “Sickle Cell Disease” often abbreviated as SCD, had been present in Africa for at least five thousand years and has been known by many names in many tribal languages.
Shigella bacteria also can be passed in contaminated food or by drinking or swimming in contaminated water. Children between the ages of 2 and 4 are most likely to get shigella infection. A mild case usually clears up on its own within a week. When treatment is needed, doctors generally prescribe antibiotics. Symptoms: •Diarrhea (often containing blood or mucus) •Abdominal cramps •Fever Causes: Infection occurs when you accidentally swallow shigella bacteria.