Humanism gives us a positive view of human beings and of their significant competence to be self-determining. This paper will explain how humanistic psychology, also known as the third force, is an approach that focuses on the basic concept that individuals are good and will seek out self-actualization but that finding self-fulfillment can be impacted by environment. The humanistic theory is guided by the belief of free will of human beings. This strong belief in free will has both positive and negative implications for the humanistic approach. The paper will show both positive and negative results that relate to the author's own insights and individualization.
This papers aims to break down and make simpler some of the concepts around the existential-humanistic approach. This is so that the concepts make sense to any lay individual who wants to understand the approach. Initially an overview of the origins of existential approach will be discussed, followed by a discussion of the main themes of the tradition. The same will ensue for the humanistic approach and then as a final point, the incorporated values, beliefs and practices of both approaches will be combined and it will be shown how the pooled resources work within the person-centered counselling model developed by Rogers. It is probably not surprising that it is difficult to capture the essence of the
Understand person centred approaches for care and support Person centred values is a theory developed by Carl Rogers that trusted the innate tendency (known as the actualising tendency) of human beings to find fulfilment of their personal potentials. An important part of this theory is that in a particular psychological environment, the fulfilment of personal potentials includes sociability, the need to be with others and a desire to know and be known by other people. It also includes being open to experience, being trusting and trustworthy, being curious about the world and being creative and compassionate. It is important to work in a way that encourages person centred values so that a person feels free from threat, both physically and mentally. This environment could be achieved when being in a relationship with a person who was very understanding, accepting and genuine.
On the other hand I am going to discuss how learning the person centred approach has affected my personal and work life in a positive way. The first core condition is called congruence; it can also be described as realness or genuineness. ‘it has been found that personal change is facilitated when the psychotherapist is what he is,
We each had our own reasons why the humanistic theory was important to us. The first theory that we will discuss is the humanistic theory. As defined by Robert S. Feldman, “the humanistic theory is the conscious, self motivated ability to change and improve.” (Feldman, 2009, p.401) Humanistic theorists believe that along with peoples unique creative impulses make up the core of human personality (Feldman, 2009, p.401). For Daniel, this theory meant that we have a basic need and desire as humans, to try and achieve, and to be a good person. For Heather, it meant that the humanistic theory is not inherited but done by interaction.
Intrinsic motivation remains a consequential construct, demonstrating the natural human readiness to master and subsume. Intrinsic motivation is characterized as the doing of movement for its inherent fulfillments instead of for some detachable outcome. At the point when inherently inspired an individual is moved to represent the fun or test involved instead of in light of outer goads, weights, or prized. This characteristic motivational inclination is a discriminating component in cognitive, social, and physical improvement on the grounds that it is through following up on one’s natural interest that one develops in information and abilities. Intrinsic motivation exists inside people, in an alternate sense natural inspiration exists in connection in middle of people and exercises.
It will explore in detail the theories of Carl Rogers, whose work is central to an understanding of the humanistic approach. Finally, it will outline both the strength and limitation of this approach. Origins of the humanistic approach This approach was first developed in the 1950’s as a response to the perceived limitations of two main prevailing models of the time, the psychodynamic approach and the cognitive-
Overall, the goal of humanism is to understand the description of human being. Such as importance of language, establishing a set of values, the full spectrum of human emotions, and seeks the meaning in their lives (Henley et al, 2009). Maslow took humanistic psychology to the complete opposite path to behaviourism, which focused on predicting and controlling human behaviour, and objectively study of human behaviour. Unlike behaviourism, humanism believes studying animal behaviours cannot lead to understanding the behaviours of humans (Jourard, 1974). He believed a healthy motivational status is when healthy people have sufficiently gratified their basic needs for safety, belongingness, love, respect, and self-esteem.
C. The Phenomenology of the Individual What is meant by the phenomenology of the individual and why do Humanists believe it is important? It is when you weigh out the advice from others and come to a decision on your own that made it capable to resolve the problem. D. Personal Growth What do Humanists believe about personal growth? They believe that there is more to life than simply having all of your immediate needs met. III.
This approach encompasses the view that people are trustworthy, are unique as individuals and have their own realities. These realities are determined by perceptions and personal experience both past and present; however emphasis is placed on the conscious processes in the present. This approach allows the person to be their own expert on themselves; they understand their perceptions and reactions to experiences and attribute personal significant meaning to those experiences. This approach believes that this self actualisation will occur under the correct conditions, and once this is achieved then this tendency to actualise will allow the individual to grow and solve their own issues. The theoretical principles that define the Psychodynamic counselling approach centres on the relationship between the counsellor and the client.