Learners themselves bring assumptions about learning based on the past, and some of these may get in the way of looking ahead to a new way of learning. Employers, providers and learners themselves all need to know more. Initial assessment is a vital part of the process of finding out. A good initial assessment process is done early on – in the first few days or weeks of contact with learners. This is different from selection – though information gained through the selection process should be useful during the assessment.
However, teachers do need to indentify the specific disabilities and these are categorised in terms of general areas of development as follows; physical, cognitive, motor, social, language, behavioural and emotional development. Special needs also apply to gifted children who in many cases are not categorised as (SEN) however; they need adapted teaching to challenge their abilities and to foster their potential development. Therefore, this paper will also look at gifted children throughout the concepts and theories. Piaget's theory of cognitive development in essence deals with the view that all species inherit two basic tendencies; the first is organisation – organising behaviours and thoughts into logical systems. The second is adaptation – adjusting to your environment (Woolfolk, Hughes & Walkup, 2008).
Communicative Language Teaching has had a thoroughly beneficial effect since it reminded teachers that people learn languages not so that they “know” them, but so that they can communicate. Giving students different kinds of language, pointing them to aspects of style and appropiacy, and above all giving them opportunities to try out real language within the classroom humanised what had sometimes been too regimented. Above all, it stressed the need for Activation and allowed us to consider boomerang- and patchwork-type lessons where before they tended to be less widely used. Debate still continues, of course. Recent theory and practice have included: • The introduction of Discovery activities (where students are asked to “discover” facts about language for themselves rather than have the teacher or the book to tell them) • The Lexical Approach in which it is argued that words and phrases are far better building blocks for language than grammatical structure • Classroom stages being given new names to help us describe teaching and learning in different ways.
Nevertheless, it is important that we have basic knowledge and skills to sustain in life. First, reading and experience differ in advantages. Reading books enable us to absorb information and facts on a subject in greater detail. Reading broadens the mind, while improving and increasing our intellectual abilities. In addition, reading about various topics enables us to be more diverse in our knowledge.
While teaching as a substitute teacher I learned that students respond differently to the way things are presented. One of my job as their teacher was to continue to find another way to help them understand what I am teaching. I believe that there are numerous ways that a child can learn by, and I want to be able to encourage as much learning as possible from each child. I believe that using different methods of instruction is the most effective way to accurately determine what method will work best in my classroom. These methods can include group work, hands-on activities, and peer to peer activities.
In the 1960s and 1970s, Piaget set up various experiments to ascertain how children thought in and about different situations so that he could determine how they cognitively developed. He was particularly keen to understand how a child, as a 'lone scientist' or thinker, would solve problems during his or her life experiences, and how approaches to problem-solving might change as that individual got older and had more learning experiences. Piaget's assumption was that children actively constructed knowledge from their experiences. From birth, he saw them as trying to make sense of the world through their actions. This made children central to their own learning.
The building blocks of knowledge 2 Processes that enable the transition from one stage to another (Equilibrium, assimilation and accommodation) 3 Stages of development (Sensory motor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational) Piaget believed that these stage are universal, i.e. that the same sequence of development occurs in children all over the world, whatever their culture. Because of Piagets theories, preschools and schools have tried to give a more hands-on approach to learning, and teachers plan activities by working out the needs of the children. His work has also influenced the management of behaviour because he looked at morality from a childs point of view
By the use of this research we will try to find out on the effectiveness of the audio visual aid than the traditional which is the used of teacher made charts in representing the ideas. I will also look to its advantages. The finding of the study will help the teacher to be aware on the effectiveness of the audio visual aid, so that there will be a improvement in the education. Scope and limitation This research will rotate on the effectiveness of the audio visual aid in teching English at Grade 3 pupils of San Lorenzo Elementary School which is recently using the audio visual aid in teaching their student. I will try to look out the advantages of using it and how it became effective tool in teaching.
The "Theory of Multiple Intelligences," as introduced by Howard Gardner in which argued that the traditional educational model favored verbal and mathematical intelligences, but that every person possessed several types of intelligence, some stronger than others, and that teachers should expand their teaching techniques and content to draw upon these multiple intelligences (Douglas, 2004). The researcher’s had chosen the topic as they had observed in classroom, they noticed that students’ intellectual capacity and interests in learning varies because it’s varied. Individuals are unique and it is a common fact. Moreover, we want to determine what intelligence is dominant among our students. MI has been introduced but not all teachers cater the needs of the students in our campus.
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction”. Therefore as teacher it is imperative the not only seek to broaden the minds of the learners’ but to also expose them to real world scenarios. There are many different theorists that speak about a child’s growth and development, for example Jean Piaget, Sigmund Freud, Erick Erickson and many more. Jean Piaget’s view of how children's minds work and develop has been enormously influential, particularly in educational theory. His particular insight was the role of maturation (simply growing up) in children's increasing capacity to understand their world: they cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to do so.