1. Explain the purpose of the following types of assessment in learning and development • Initial Assessment • Formative Assessment • Summative Assessment Formative Assessment Initial assessment provides the information needed to plan an individual’s learning and improve their chances of learning effectively. Without it, there are only assumptions. It’s always possible to make some predictions about learners from an application form or selection test, but it’s an insecure basis for planning. Learners themselves bring assumptions about learning based on the past, and some of these may get in the way of looking ahead to a new way of learning.
Cognition encompasses perception, imagination, judgment, memory, and language - the processes people use to think, decide, and learn. Education - not only the formal curriculum in schools but also informal learning - is part of this domain as well." (Berger, pg.12) Piaget considers adaptation the "essence of intelligence". (Berger, pg. 165) Learning is an active process which leads to the creation of schemas.
For each set of learning materials list the strengths and weaknesses for analysis. During the analysis, the trainer can decide if new materials need to be created based upon the training criteria and factual information. Break the information into separate parts and analyze components to look for interrelationships. Use the information to solve problems in demonstrations to help trainees relate the details in context. Role playing is another method to ensure the new information is retained by trainees.
Theory Assessment 1.5 Explain ways to embed elements of Functional Skills in your specialist area Functional skills are being introduced to replace Key Skills. They are made up of 3 skills, Maths, English and ICT. Students will be unable to receive their GCSE`s without functional skills. Functional skills are transferable skills. “This means they can be transferred to different situations / contexts as well as being used in a learner’s particular subject area” Ann gravells (2008:70).
Introduction to Learning Britni Bleeker PSY/390 September 24, 2013 Dr. Lane Roos Introduction to Learning Learning is the “relatively lasting change in behavior that is the result of experience” (Cherry, p. 1, n.d.). In this paper we will discuss four different key factors pertaining to concept of learning. First, we will discuss what learning actually means. Then, the role that behavior has in correlation to learning. Followed by two different types of learning, instrumental, and classical.
• There is a need to package an answer in order to learn. • There is a need to design a method to teach learning. • There is a need to design our efforts to support learning at the expense of teaching. Click here to download MGT 527 Final Exam Answers 28) Why is the question more important than the answer during the learning and change process? • The way we ask questions answers who caused the problem.
The mechanisms of choice are PowerPoint, the Internet, dictionaries, text signs and written responses. Kinesthetic Learners: Individuals who prefer this learn better by doing activities, which helps them to experience/practice the concept by attempting to learn. The crucial point to effective learning for them is that the instruction gives them solid opportunities to apply the information. The best materials that meet the requirements of kinesthetic include simulations, case studies, demonstrations and videos. Multimodal: Learners might prefer a particular mode or a dominant mode; multiple modes are frequently used in learning situations.
This is the process operating when the tutor explains the assignment. • Depending on student's previous experiences and expectations, their perceptual filters will interfere with the message that they receive. • Both the tutor's verbal and non-verbal communication – in particular, aspects of paralanguage such as emphasis – will communicate which bits of the instructions are most important. Verbal communication varies in its accessibility for students, as they may have different levels of understanding of the instructions (especially if English is not their first language). Non-verbal language may support or contradict verbal messages.
The categories in the cognitive domain are, remember, understand, apply, analyze, evaluate, and create. Under the category of remember, learners are expected to retrieve relevant information from long-term memory. Under the category of understand, learners are expected to meaning from oral, written or graphic information. Under the category of apply, students carry out or use a procedure by using those concepts in creating teaching plans for real life situations. Under the category of analyze, learners break material into parts and determine how the parts relate to one another and the overall structure.
But the growing interest in learner centredness indicates a new and emerging valuing of diversity and difference, which also links with the points I made about networking. 3 Reflective practice and teacher learning This is about teachers questioning and exploring their own practice of teaching. It is a sort of systematic curiosity about going beyond the edges of what we know and do, to find out how we could do things differently or better. Of particular interest are questions like 'Is there a discrepancy between what I say I do and what I actually do?' Action research might guide us to try to become more aware of our own beliefs and how they frame the way we teach and think about teaching.