During the Great Depression, President Roosevelt used several revolutionary tactics to heal the suffering American economy. These tactics, the providing of public service jobs, the movement for social security and the implementation of a "blanket code" for workers rights, had great success and greatly revolutionized the role of the federal government. The providing of public service jobs (the New Deal) was the tactic that served to heal the most daunting problem in American society, unemployment (document J). In 1935 the Roosevelt administration created the WPA to help employ Americans for publicly funded projects such as "city beautification." As seen in Document J this jobs did help to greatly lower the percentage of unemployed between 1935 and 1938.
There were many of the comparatively prosperous who also came; to better themselves economically. They had heard of how easy it was to proliferate one's riches in America, and with an archetypal German interest in making the most of circumstances, some of the families embarked to seek a greater fortune in the new world. A second notable reason for the coming of the Germans was the religious persecution of the Lutherans and Protestants. While the Midwest received many liberal-minded Germans, it also acquired many of Germany's most ebullient conservatives. In 1817 King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia decreed a unification of the Lutheran and Reformed churches in Prussia, and his action was accompanied by the rulers of several of the smaller German states.
Women and Jews, although sadly for them, were sacked from their jobs and these were given to German men. All these schemes that took place had given many Germans jobs and contributed to the reduction of unemployment. Now that Germany had more men helping to rearm through the large companies, it meant that rearmament could take place quicker and now that unemployment had decreased massively till 1939, that was one less problem that Nazi Germany had to worry about. The ‘Battle for Work’ scheme that was set up to reduce unemployment was successful in ways that it fell from 25.9% in 1933 to 7.4% in 1936. This was great for Germans however it did create some issues as Germany’s ‘secret rearmament’ scheme was bringing in too much imported raw materials into Germany whilst exporters were struggling due to taxes on imports and this left Germany with a big trade deficit.
Roosevelt had a great impact on America by changing the relationship between the national government and the people changed drastically. The government took on a greater role in the everyday social and economic lives of the people. Theodore Roosevelt had a great effect on the great depression because he happened to be the right guy at a very bad time. Roosevelt had a plan called the New Deal to help America back on its feet. The New Deal programs of FDR created a liberal political alliance made up of labor unions, blacks and other ethnic and religious minorities, intellectuals, the poor, and some farmers.
Numerous reasons induced this popular change including being that the Conservatives had adopted some unpopular policies in the 1930s in addition to their weak election campaign. However, the most significant reason was that the Labour Party caught the mood of the country as they encouraged ideas of a new world order and to increase the quality of life for the country after World War II. At this current time, proceeding with this idea was the most important need for Britain thus new found popularity for the Labour Party. During the 1930s, Britain suffered hugely from The Depression and the outcome was the high unemployment rates and overall great suffering that people all over the country experienced. Although some parts of the country, and some industries, fared better than others including some areas in the Home Counties while communities in the South West Wales experienced mass unemployment and poverty.
How far was the economic slump in Germany responsible for the remarkable rise in support for the Nazi party in the years 1928-32? Germany’s economic slump was a major factor in the Nazi’s good fortunes; however it was by no means the only factor which contributed to their rise in support. Linked with the poor economic climate, the political situation was in a dire condition, with no party apparently able to find a solution to Germany’ problems. A societal shift away from support for democracy also enhanced the NSDAP’s support as they seemed to offer a new hope to the public. The elite undermined Weimar as a result of their traditional values and hatred of democracy.
American businesses lost vast amounts of money and to repay the debt they asked German banks to repay the money they had borrowed. Peoples vote turned to leaders who blamed reasons for the Depression. The Nazi's The Weimar Republic was not to blame for the huge economics problems Germany were in at the time. Though to stop hyperinflation reoccurring the Chancellors raised taxes, cut wages and reduced unemployment
After the American War of Independence, the state finance was dire the national debt had risen to £242 million in 1784. Pitt had to think about how to cut expenditures, whilst raising taxes to meet the deficit; this was however unpopular due to losing the war. Also pitt was keen to create a new more efficient system of collecting tax. This was to be the key to his success as Prime Minister and his financial policies revealed his genius. His taxation policies were generally successful, as the amount of tax reaching the treasury had improved dramatically, even doubled.
Germany, it looked, was on the rise while Stresemann was Chancellor but the Nazis and their appealing polices were al too good for the people of Germany to refuse and so while the votes for the Social Democrats only increased ever so slightly the Nazi votes were plumiting and with every election they grew and grew. The Nazis were brilliant when it came to propaganda and public rallies and meetings. No other party focussed more on propaganda than the Nazis. The Nazis felt that flyers, leaflets, radio, rallies and meetings were the key to success. If a subject proved popular then they would repeat it.
Assess the successes and failures of Hitler's domestic policies. Hitler’s domestic policies were a success due to the fact that the Nazis were able to Nazify the German population with little to no opposition. The Weimar Republic collapsed in 1933 due to its weak structure and their inability to resolve the deep economic crisis (Great Depression). Many Germans had turned to the Nazis because they had feared communism and sought a way out of the economic crisis, not because they supported the Nazi ideology. When Hitler and the Nazis achieved absolute power by early August 1934, their main goals were to Nazify the German people, improve the economy (with their National Socialistic ideals), and overall maintain absolute power within Germany, while pursuing their radical ideologies.