How Did the Schlieffen Plan Work?

649 Words3 Pages
Explain How the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work. (7 marks) What was meant to happen: The Schlieffen Plan was devised in 1905 by General Albert von Schlieffen, when the possibility of a war on the eastern and western front was looming over Germany. It was a risky move on their part and was not guaranteed to work, since it relied on the Russian Army to be slow in their advances. The plan was to invade France through Belgium, since France had many defences in place on the French-German border. To attack on their own border would take longer and there would be much more resistance from the French so it was decided that they would march through Belgium and take Paris within a couple of weeks. They calculated that the Russian Army would below in their advances giving them enough time to take Paris and crush the French resistance, so they could then prepare for a war on the eastern front. Germany had decided to put some men in Prussia, so they would not be confined to Germany, if the Russians responded more quickly to the attack. So on August 1st, Germany declared war on Russia and 2 days later on August 3rd, on France. What actually happened: The Schlieffen Plan was a big gamble by the Germans, and it could have well resulted in defeat for France and Russia, however the plan backfired on the Germans. The first problem that the Germans encountered was that the Belgian Army had put up a resistance, which they had not expected which in turn slowed their advances. The next big problem the Germans had not anticipated was that Britain declared war on Germany because of the pledge to protect Belgium, which they had called a ‘scrap of paper.’ Their gamble had not paid off and soon, when the Russian Army was quicker to respond the Germans had to switch troops to the eastern front however the Russians had still invaded Germany 10 days later. Explain why a Stalemate
Open Document