Explain How the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work. (7 marks) What was meant to happen: The Schlieffen Plan was devised in 1905 by General Albert von Schlieffen, when the possibility of a war on the eastern and western front was looming over Germany. It was a risky move on their part and was not guaranteed to work, since it relied on the Russian Army to be slow in their advances. The plan was to invade France through Belgium, since France had many defences in place on the French-German border. To attack on their own border would take longer and there would be much more resistance from the French so it was decided that they would march through Belgium and take Paris within a couple of weeks.
A Disastrous War with Prussia a) At this time, France was growing concerned with a growing increasingly concerned about a great rival, Prussia. b) The leader of Prussia, Otto Von Bismarck, lured France into war which was a disaster for France. C. Challenges of the Third Republic 1. After the capture of Napoleon III, republicans in France declared an end to the second empire and set up a provisional government. 2.
The French army are then put on war-footing so they are ready for when Germany attack. Once Britain hears that Germany has declared war on Belgium and France it orders Germany to withdraw its army from Belgium. Germany doesn’t listen to Britain’s command so Britain declares war on Germany. Then Austria finally declares war on Russia. Long-term causes of WW1: Imperialism is a big cause of WW1 because many countries were building up their empires; there were disagreements over who would control which areas of the World and countries were becoming jealous of other countries, this caused arguments between the countries.
After years of planning German military Chief of Staff Alfred von Schlieffen created a war plan that would make Germany victorious in the coming war. The Schlieffen Plan as it was commonly called, was a plan designed to knock France out of the war before Russia could mobilize her troops allowing Germany to then focus its troops on the defeated the massive Russian army. To take France out of the war Schlieffen devised a plan that instead of attacking France from the west they would attack her from where she was most vulnerable, the north, by crossing through neutral Belgium. The plan seemed concrete which gave many German military officials hopes that they would have a decisive victory over France. However the plan was an absolute failure.
Was his victory inevitable? How did he deal with the problem that he was a foreign invader in a land where people did not like him and did not want him? This essay will discuss the importance of Battle of Hastings and reasons for William’s prevail as it was a first big step for William towards conquering England. Also, the significance of the harrying of the North of England and other riot towns will be looked at as it was vital in terms of gaining full control of England. The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October, 1066 and it was the Normans who eventually came on top as Harold ll was slain and his army was crushed.
The British had no choice but to surrender which they did on October 13, 1777. One quarter of the British forces in North America surrendered, and, while many battles were yet to be fought, American Independence was almost guaranteed. The victory in The Battle of Saratoga was a very important victory in the Revolutionary War. It brought the French into the war. This now showed the Americans had a chance to win.
The Franco-Prussian War was a conflict between France and Prussia that signaled the rise of German military power and imperialism in Europe. Over a five month war, the German army defeated French troops in a series of battles across northern France. The defeats brought with them internal discontent and led to the downfall of Napoleon the III and the creation of the French Third Republic. The war was provoked by Otto von Bismarck ,the Prussian chancellor, as part of his master plan to create a modern and unified German nation . The factors that lead to a Prussian victory and the Unification of Germany were their advanced military system, their universal conscription, railways, and the French inability to establish military alliances with other nations.
The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as the First Battle of Manassas, was fought on July 21,1861. The Union Army troops led by General Irvin McDowell advanced across against the Confederate Army. The Confederate Army was led by general Joseph E. Johnston and Beauregard and despite the Union’s early successes, they were routed and forced to retreat back to Washington. General Irvin McDowell was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln to command the Army of Northeastern Virginia. Once he was there, McDowell was messed with by impatient politicians, and citizens in Washington, who wished to see a quick battlefield victory over the Confederate Army in northern Virginia.
In the year 1812, Britain was at war with France back in Europe fighting off Napoleon Bonaparte’s attempt to expand the French Empire. The Americans looked at this as an chance to expand by invading Canada. America claimed that the royal navy had been stopping US merchant ships at sea and controlling American Sailors to serve in the royal navy to help fight the war against Napoleon back in Europe. Britain was at direct threat from a French Invasion, they could not take a chance to send many troops to Canada, the plan in the meantime was to send enough men to hold off the US until it had won the war with France. Sooner or later that time came and Britain could now give its full attention to the war in America.
Russia’s early hopes were soon dashed however. Russia’s best chance of victory came at the very beginning of the war when a large number of German troops were invading Belgium and France, but instead of ceasing this opportunity the Russian generals blundered into defeat after defeat. Russia’s dreams of a swift victory were all but crushed in the Tannenberg and Masurian disasters that set the stage for further defeats in 1915. The First World War was a new type of war, a war dominated by modern technology, technology that the Russians were struggling with. Meanwhile the Germans were making massive advancements in both new technology and it’s utilisation but also the strategic aspects of