“The outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 was due to an aggressive foreign policy which had been waged since c.1900”. How far do you agree with this opinion? Explain your answer using sources V, W and X and your own knowledge relating to the controversy. The implication that Germany’s use of an aggressive foreign policy led to the outbreak of the First World War is an extremely controversial topic, and has ultimately caused great debates amongst historians. Fischer, the provoker of this controversy, expresses this concept of German aggression by stating that since c.1900 Germany planned, and then was able to execute a war, due to their aggressive weltpolitik; based purely on expansionism.
From the early years Germany has been a militaristic country with a ruler who had ambitions of expansion. So without a doubt it’s evident that the policies they had played a part in the war. The ‘Blank Cheque’ is seen to as an aggressive symbol over economics and the Kaiser’s claim that war was inevitable seem to suggest the militaristic attitude at the heart of the government and the key members in charge. It is clear that an aggressive foreign policy was a reason for the breakout of the war in 1914. Germany deciding to aid Austria- Hungry in its conflict with Serbia suggests that Germany have precipitated war.
Was Germany to blame for the start of world war one? Germany was to blame for the First World War, but only to a certain extent. Germany was not solely to blame, but did contribute greatly to the sequence of events that led to war. Germany were a major contributor to the Arms Race, caused tension between many European countries, made alliances, were extremely nationalistic and encouraged Austria – Hungary to declare war on Serbia. In 1904, Germans were encouraged to become nationalists.
Why did world war 1 break out in 1914? I think the reason why world war 1 broke out In 1914 was because was to do with the making up of Alliances which caused all the countries to fight for the country they had made a treaty with but there are many reasons that build up to the great war. Alliances are agreements or promises to defend another country when in need. There were two alliances the Triple Alliance which consisted of Germany, Austria and Hungary and also Italy whereas the Triple Entente was made up of Britain, France and Russia. The Alliances were made to protect the country when in war or whilst away and fighting.
‘German aggression’ was responsible for the outbreak of a general war in august 1914; how far do you agree with this argument? Jesse Thompson Evidently German aggression played a key role in the causation of the first world war. Corrigan strongly supports this view and uses Fischer’s Theory to structure his argument as it effectively highlights the nature of German foreign policy in this period. Other historians, such as Joll and Turner, provide opinions which support the view of the question as well as providing evidence for alternative factors such as Fear of encirclement and foreign policy of contending powers; evidence for this can be clearly seen in Joll’s and Turner’s pieces in an equal and different amount. On the one hand, German aggression held the greatest responsibility for the outbreak of a general European war in august 1914.
A German diplomat named Bismarck knew that Germany’s neighbouring European Powers’ reaction would be to unite against their new empire. He was determined not allow the nation to become isolated or overpowered, so it was he who began the chain of international alliances which would form over following years. Bismarck practised a particular type of diplomacy called ‘Realpolitik’. This is defined as politics based on strictly practical, rather than idealistic, notions. However this particular style of diplomacy was also described as unprincipled and unscrupulous.
World War One Essay Describe and explain how a force or movement influenced a specific individual or group of people to try to improve the lives of their fellow country men and women. Describe and explain how successful these attempts were. Wilhelm the second was influenced by nationalism to try to make Germany a stronger nation. His idea of nationalism was based around his policy of Weltpolitik which was introduced when he became Kaiser in 1888. Weltpolitik meant making Germany a major world power and granting her ‘her place in the sun.’ Overall, this policy was comprehensively unsuccessful.
But the rising power of Germany and the Kaiser’s personality wasn’t a reason for accusing Germany of starting the war. The rising power of Germany was due to the case that they where the second country in the world with economical power and they also wanted overseas colonies. And lets think who started the war, was it Germany? No, it was Serbia who started the war when a Serbian terrorist killed Franz Ferdinand. Off course Austria Hungary had to defend itself so they attacked Serbia and Germany, as a good ally supported Austria Hungary as the Triple Entente supported Serbia so why are we blaming Germany for the outbreak
Economically, Germany’s desire to build a central European customs association was at odds with France, Russia and Britain’s economic aspirations. The rise of Hindenburg and Ludendorff as leaders of the third Supreme Command placed huge power with the military in Germany and further prevented diplomatic negotiation. Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg’s programme of 9 September 1914 defined Germany’s general aim of the war as ‘security for the German Reich in west and east for all imaginable time.’ Essential to this aim was the weakening of France so ‘as to make her revival as a Great Power impossible for all time.’ Bethmann’s programme had unpalatable territorial, economic and political implications for France. Such a direct, provocative aim forced France’s hand. Prolonged warfare with Germany was more appealing than surrender and facing being controlled by a German state.
‘The outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 was due to an aggressive German foreign policy which had been waged since c.1900.’ How far do you agree with this opinion? Explain your answer using the evidence of Sources V, W and X and your knowledge of the issues relating to the controversy. When considering the outbreak of the First World War and who bore responsibility, there are certain factors that must be considered. These factors are German aggression through military and individual aggression, whether Germany engaged in a defensive war, the responsibility of other countries, the idea of calculated risk, and the domestic tensions that had arisen in Germany around the time. Sources V, W and X provide evidence for most of these issues with the exception of calculated risk, and domestic tensions.