How Children Learn

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Muriel Posnic-Boyce Ways in which children learn Practical first-hand experiences Children learn by doing a vast range of practical activities by themselves like going to the toilet, getting changed for PE or finding their own peg in the classroom. They also will learn by engaging in some activities such as cooking, using computers, playing board games, or doing some arts and crafts. Through all their senses They will also learn through all their senses by touching (I.e. playing with sand, water, soil ), by hearing music, playing instruments or singing. Also by tasting and smelling during activities such as cooking. Looking at books or visual displays will utilise use their sight. Make sense of new experiences by relating them to previous learning Children will relate to previous experiences and make sense of the things they learnt through play (e.g. by playing with counting blocks they will remember their numbers and use them later in maths). Another example would be by learning their letter sounds and alphabet then using them later for spelling and vocabulary activities. Develop their understanding through talking Understanding through talking is vital for children and can be achieved with activities such as “show and tell”. This is when a child will bring an object to school and talk about it in front of the class. Alternatively they can do this by using role play, dressing up and playing in the class’ home area. All these activities help children learn. Have preferred learning styles and learn at different rates Some children will learn better by having something described to them whilst others will prefer to try and work it out themselves. Some will work better in small groups whilst others will prefer one to one support. Children will also be sensitive to the noise environment of the classroom. Too much noise or not

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