In the mid-12th century, the Turkic ruler Saladin rose to lead the Seljuks and succeeded in uniting the fragmented Muslim armies of Southwest Asia and North Africa. To Saladin, the Christian armies were the infidels that had to be evicted. When Saladin’s forces took Jerusalem, the call went out across Europe to launch another crusade. Three kings came forward-Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, King Phillip II of France, and King Richard I, later known as Richard the Lionheart of England. Held in 1187-1192.
Later in the year, Anatolian surrendered the city to the Byzantines, not the crusaders. They then met once again and together defeated the Turkish army, scoring a great victory and boosting their ego. Afterwards, the crusaders went and captured the city of Antioch, and then moved on to their goal, Jerusalem. For the next generation or so, the crusaders kept control over the Holy Land and invite their people to come inhabit the city. The crusaders used the strategy of isolating and cutting off supplies that could lead to strengthening to the Muslims and Egyptians.
of Justinian's Code Orthodox Christian Church - Eastern half of the Roman Empire that lasted until 1453 Preservation of Greco-Roman Culture What was the Great Schism? Autocratic Government Orthodox Christianity EUROPE Islamic Civilization ASIA AFRICA , 2 List 5 achievements of Islam's Golden Age What are three characteristics of a "Golden Age?'' .MIDDLEAGES was a Frankish king who helped spread Christianity over Eumpe after the fall of the Roman Empire. THE MIDDLE AGES HAD THREE IMPORTANT ELEMENTS How were manors self-sufficient? How did the Church assert authority over rulers?
They were leading their armies to the holy land. The Third Crusade "The Turkic ruler Saladin rose to lead the Seljuks and succeeded in uniting the split Muslim armies of Southwest Asia and North Africa. Europe launched another crusade when Saladin’s forces took Jerusalem. Frederick Barbarossa of Germany,
Through examining the collapse of Rome through Watson’s ‘Spectrum and Pendulum’ and analysing the legacies of the Roman Empire, this essay looked at how the European system was influenced by the legacy of the Roman Empire. From the fall of the Roman Empire in 476AD through to Charlemagne’s Holy Roman Empire in the 9th century, western Europe went through a period of great difficulty. The population of western Europe managed to preserve some of its Roman civilisation, firstly through the founding of the Holy Roman Empire by Charlemagne, ‘restoring’ the original Roman Empire. Secondly, Italy, Spain and France retained varieties of the Latin language, which became the Romance languages of today. Lastly, the population remained or became Catholic, and were organised and represented by the Catholic Church.
Byzantion later conquered Chalcedon, across the Bosporus on the Asiatic side. After siding with Pescennius Niger against the victorious Septimius Severus, the city was besieged by Roman forces and suffered extensive damage in 196 AD.  Byzantium was rebuilt by Septimius Severus, now emperor, and quickly regained its previous prosperity. It was bound to Perinthos during the period of Septimius Severus. The location of Byzantium attracted Roman Emperor Constantine I who, in 330 AD, refounded it as an imperial residence inspired by Rome itself.
The actions of both Walter and Peter come across as righteous, just, fair, and forcibly reactionary, as though they only act out of necessity and for vengeance. Upon arrival at Malevilla, Peter is forced to see evidence that fellow Christians had stolen some of Walter’s soldiers’ weapons and armor. “But, when Peter recognized the injury to his brethren, at the sight of their arms and spoils, he urged his companions to avenge their wrongs.” (49) Albert of Aachen writes that Emperor Alexius of Constantinople as equally pleased and impressed with Peter and his actions. “A second message of the emperor was urging him to hasten his march to Constantinople, for, on account of the reports about him, the emperor was Wharram 2 burning with desire to see this same Peter.” (51) Peter was portrayed as ever obedient to the emperor, and was granted license to trade while
The Mycenaean civilization was discovered by Heinrich Schliemann through excavations in Mycenae in 1876 and in Tiryns in 1884 (Carver). Figure 1: W.W. Norton & Company, Ralph's World Civilizations, Chapter 4 http://www.wwnorton.com/colleges/history/ralph/resource/greece.htm Although the Mycenaean civilization began in 1550 BC, the occupation of Achaeans or Mycenaeans of many areas of the Greek peninsula, especially the coastal areas, started in 2000 BC. The Mycenaean civilization was the Late Helladic civilization in 1550 BC, but after the volcanic eruption at Thera in 1500 BC, the Mycenaean civilization at Knossos began in 1450 BC. This was followed by the destruction of Knossos in 1380 BC and a revival and further development of Mycenaean architecture in 1350 until 1250 BC. During the revival of architecture, the Mycenaeans became “wealthy and powerful” and “the most powerful group in the Aegean world” (Carver).