The Crusades: Assessment

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02.03 The Crusades: Assessment Channel 02.03 News 1. Today we will be talking about The Crusades. Jerusalem and the Holy Land, or Palestine, have a complicated history. The Holy Land sits at the intersection of three continents, near the birthplace of some of the world’s oldest civilizations. It also borders the Mediterranean Sea, a major artery of conquest and trade. The region is valued as much for its location as for its religious history. The location itself may have been reason enough for people to settle there. In turn, those people developed civilizations that gave rise to the religions that have spent centuries competing for the sacred soil. 2. The people that fought for Jerusalem the Three competing monotheistic faiths-Judaism,…show more content…
Meanwhile, European lords had organized a proper military force that comprised four major armies. The first army, led by the French lord Godfrey of Bouillon Duke of Lower Lorraine, then a part of the Holy Roman Empire set out in August 1096. 5. Crusades were not a single army, war, movement, or effort it was, a series of events, battles, and movements that are put together and called the Crusades took place over the course of nearly 200 years. 6. The first Crusaders, led by Godfrey of Bouillon and other French lords, marched from Constantinople through lands held by the Seljuk Turks to Antioch. Along the way, they battled isolated Turkic forces, and Godfrey’s brother Baldwin stopped to set up the first Crusader State at Edessa. After a long siege, the Crusaders captured Antioch as well. Held in 1096-1099. 7. In the years following the First Crusade, European lords worked to secure their rule over the Crusader States. Meanwhile, back in Europe, the Holy Orders of knights had begun to rise. When Muslim forces regrouped and attacked Edessa, three such orders-the Teutonic Knights, the Knights Hospitaller, and the Knights Templar-rode forth under the banner of the Second Crusade. Held in…show more content…
In the mid-12th century, the Turkic ruler Saladin rose to lead the Seljuks and succeeded in uniting the fragmented Muslim armies of Southwest Asia and North Africa. To Saladin, the Christian armies were the infidels that had to be evicted. When Saladin’s forces took Jerusalem, the call went out across Europe to launch another crusade. Three kings came forward-Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, King Phillip II of France, and King Richard I, later known as Richard the Lionheart of England. Held in 1187-1192. 9. After the Third Crusade, the Crusaders never really captured the momentum-or the power-that they had had before. In 1198, Pope Innocent III called for a new Crusade, more out of a desire to elevate the papacy than in response to events in the Holy Land. This Crusade failed to rouse any monarchs. Led largely by French knights, the Crusade set out for the Holy Land in 1202 only to be distracted by Venetian lords who convinced them to capture the wealth and splendor of Eastern Orthodox Constantinople instead. Held in

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