Mycenaen Civilization Essay

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FINAL PRESENTATION MYCENAEN CIVILIZATION ANTHROPOLOGY 150: ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS Introduction The name Mycenaean was derived from the city of Mycenae in Peloponnese, Southern Greece. The Mycenaean civilization, however, was made up of Athens, Thebes, Pylos, and Tiryns, and included the city of Troy when the Mycenaeans defeated the Minoans. Aside from Troy, the Mycenaeans also took the Knossos, Crete. The Mycenaean civilization, therefore, included southern and central Greece during the late Bronze Age, which was from around 1600 to 1100 BC. The Mycenaean civilization was discovered by Heinrich Schliemann through excavations in Mycenae in 1876 and in Tiryns in 1884 (Carver). Figure 1: W.W. Norton & Company, Ralph's World Civilizations, Chapter 4 http://www.wwnorton.com/colleges/history/ralph/resource/greece.htm Although the Mycenaean civilization began in 1550 BC, the occupation of Achaeans or Mycenaeans of many areas of the Greek peninsula, especially the coastal areas, started in 2000 BC. The Mycenaean civilization was the Late Helladic civilization in 1550 BC, but after the volcanic eruption at Thera in 1500 BC, the Mycenaean civilization at Knossos began in 1450 BC. This was followed by the destruction of Knossos in 1380 BC and a revival and further development of Mycenaean architecture in 1350 until 1250 BC. During the revival of architecture, the Mycenaeans became “wealthy and powerful” and “the most powerful group in the Aegean world” (Carver). It was also around this time that the Mycenaeans invaded the Minoan civilization and conquered Troy. However, the fall of Mycenaean civilization occurred in 1200 BC and was marked by the destruction of several Mycenaean sites and was finally concluded in 1184 BC by the destruction of Troy (Carver). There were several theories as to the cause of the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. The most probable

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