There are a number of ways that personnel’s can prevent and control infection in a health and social care setting. Personnel’s in a health and social care setting include , nurses , Doctors, cleaners, nursery assistants and nursery teachers. Nurses should thoroughly wash and dry their hands before and after caring for a patient, before and after touching any potentially contaminated equipment or dressings, after bed making and before handling food. Their hands can be washed with soap and water or, a fast-acting antiseptic solution like a hand wipe or hand gel. They should also wear Disposable gloves when physical contact with open wounds, for example when changing dressings, handling needles or inserting an intravenous drip.
3. Describe how the correct management of the environment minimise the spread of infection, Correct management of the environment minimise the spread of infection. Make sure all the staff should be fully trained in infection control and waste management. Uhl provides e learning infection control which is helpful. Cleanliness of the environment prevent spread of infection.
Ways of adhering to good standards of hygiene will be documented in your organisation’s standard operating procedures. Protecting a service user will mean you must: • Wash your hands before and after caring for a service user • Wash your hands after touching your hair or other body parts and after using the toilet • Wear appropriate PPE and dispose of it in accordance with regulations • Handle equipment safely, including sharps such as
Rachael Foster The principles of infection prevention & controlunit 4222-264 1.1 - As an employee the correct PPE should be wore i.e. gloves and aprons. Good personal hygiene should be kept and hands should be washed after our duties i.e. giving personal care. 1.2 - As an employer all staff should be trained in infection control, to be able to notice potential risks.
UNIT-4223-007 The principles of infection prevention and control Outcome1 Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections The learner can; 1. Explain employees ’roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection As a minimum I need to ensure that I wash my hands before and after each activity. However, hand washing alone may not be sufficient for the activity I’m involved in. When assessing the risk of infection, the chances are that if you are assisting somebody to walk from the bedside to the toilet on the ward, hand washing alone may be sufficient. If, however, I was assisting with the repositioning of a patient who is incontinent, I would probably consider hand washing, gloves and an apron.
3.2 Apply standard precautions for infection control. The stickers used to attach the electrocardiograph probes are single use so these should be removed and disposed of once the procedure is done. Hands should be washed before and after the procedure. Also if any PPE is needed the patient may be in a side room for an infection then the correct precautions must be taken. 3.3 Confirm the individual’s identity, reason for referral and obtain valid consent.
Result /risk of accident/potential future risks of recurrence, Low/ Moderate/ Severe/Catastrophic, should any further response/action be taken. The incident form should then be signed, name printed together with job title and date First aid equipment should consist of: Sterile dressing wound dressings, adhesive dressing or plasters, bandages, gauze pads, face shield and pocket mask, disposable gloves, adhesive tape, scissors, pins and clips, saline water forceps and tweezers to remove foreign bodies, plastic bag for waste disposal
Control means to contain the infection once someone has it for example using personal protective equipment and washing your hands even if they don’t feel dirty. 1:2 Employers’ responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection are set out in the Health and Safety at work act 1974. And this states that employers have a responsibility to protect employees’ from danger and harm, as reasonably practicable. Employers must: * Provide a safe workspace. * Carry out risk assessments to assess the dangers of certain work activities.
Cleaning, decontamination and waste management (IC 03) Unit 1 Understand how to maintain a clean environment to prevent the spread of infection 1.1 State the general principles for environmental cleaning • All cleaning equipment should be clean and maintained properly •Work surfaces and floors should be clean and intact, clear of clutter, dust free and good quality •GDP and water should be used (following the manufacturer’s instructions) Disinfectant should only be used to decontaminate spills of bodily fluids or for cleaning of an area after an outbreak of an infection •All cleaning equipment should be colour coded for different areas, as per National colour coding guide •Mop heads and
The principles of infection prevention and control Infection is the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are not normally present within the body. 1)Understanding roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infection. Employees Employers To ensure that their own health and hygiene not pose a risk to service usersand colleaguesTo ensure effective hand washing is carried out when working with serviceusers, giving personal care, handling/preparing food.To ensure they use Personal Protective Equipment(PPE) provided when needed andappropriate. | Making sure employees are aware of the health and safety aspects of theirwork (e.g. posting information on notice boards, keeping an information filesuch as COSHH, training, and providing supervision)The need to keep records in relation to infection control using appropriateDocumentationTo provide PPETo ensure that the relevant standards, policies and guidelines are available within the workplace | 2) Understanding legislation and policies relating to prevention and control of infection The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 The recommendations on standard principles provide guidance on infection control precautions that should be applied by all healthcare personnel to the care of patients in community and primary care settings.