As a phlebotomist in blood collection, you wash your hands before and after each patient. Also between each patient you can use antiseptic hand cleanser. It is also important to wear the proper protective clothing that would provide a barrier against infection. This protective clothing and any thing you wear to protect you is called PPE or Personal Protective Equipment. Examples of PPE’s are gloves, gowns, lab coats, face shields, masks, and goggles.
When performing CPR you can use a plastic mouth guard. 1.3 Describe suitable first aid equipment, including personal protection, and how it it used appropriately Personal protective equipment should include disposable gloves and a resuscitation mask to reduce the risk of exposure to blood and body substances, gloves should be put on as soon as possible and and resuscitation mask put over the patients mouth before the first rescue breaths are given so that it forms a barrier to prevent cross infection from body fluids. A first aid kit should contain - plasters in a variety of different sizes, small medium and large sterile gauze dressings, sterile eye pads,triangular bandages, rolled bandages,safety pins,disposable sterile gloves, resuscitation mask,tweezers,scissors,alcohol-free cleansing wipes and tape. 1.4 Identify what information needs to be included in an accident report/incident record and how to record it All accidents and incidents should be logged in the accident book, and contain the following: the date, time and place of the incident the name of the injured or ill person details of the injury or illness
Also using the antibacterial hand rub during any procedures involving the patient e.g. checking/redressing the wound (HLTEN506 Learner Resource 2012) PPE – Nurses should ALWAYS use personal protective equipment when dealing with patients, but especially if the patient has any type of open wound or if the nurse is likely to come in contact with any bodily fluids. These include gloves, glasses/goggles, gowns etc. (HLTEN506 Learner Resource 2012) Keep a sterile field – When attending to the patients needs e.g. redressing the wound, the area being worked on (in this case the wound from the hysterectomy that reopened) needs to be kept sterile to prevent and foreign objects or any other pathogens getting into the wound.
In an event that requires first aid, I should first assess the situation using sight, sound and smell. I should make sure that there is nothing there that can harm me; I should call 999 and give them as much information about the situation as I can. I should support the injured, for example, keeping them reassured that help is on the way and making sure they are feeling ok. I should be aware of my own limits when administrating first aid so I shouldn’t do anything that might cause further harm. There are many types of minor injuries such as small cuts and grazes and nose bleeds.
Proper hand washing is the simplest yet most effective way to control disease transmission. You should always wash your hands before and after contact with a patient, even if you wear gloves. The longer the germs remain with you, the greater their chance of getting through your barriers. Although soap and water are not protective in all cases, in certain cases their use provides excellent protection against further transmission from your skin to other. If no running water is available, you may use waterless hand washing substitutes.
Aii) An outline of the procedure to follow if an accident or sudden illness should occur: Assess the situation and environment, if the casualty is clearly conscious, talk to them and find out how they are. Make the surrounding area safe, remove any hazards where it is safe to do so and take control of the situation. Emergency aid should only be attempted if you have been trained to do so. Get help immediately, shout for assistance, call a first aider. If you have been trained in emergency first aid, what is needed and your action will depend on the result of the primary survey.
The steps taken to help prevent infections will be maintains, you will already be treating all people as high risk, but with confirmed infection outbreak, you will need to be more vigilant and record and report any changes in a person’s condition. 1.2 Employers have the responsibilities to protect employees from danger and harm, as far as is reasonably possible. For example employers must Carry out risk assessments to assess the dangers of certain work activities Provide a safe workplace Provide training for staff Provide personal protective equipment Ensure regular health and safety checks are undertaken These responsibilities extent to employers protecting employees from the risks posed by biological hazards such as blood, body fluids and associated infections. Your employer will have put infection prevention and control policies and procedures in place for staff to adhere to. Care managers have a responsibility to the people within the care of the organisation and should undertake regular checks on the cleanliness of the setting, monitor hand washing practice, know who to contact in the event of an infection outbreak and report it to
BSBWHS401A – Assessment 7 Task 1: a) To complete an Incident report it must contain the date, time, where the incident happened, what the person was doing, any equipment being used, current control measures – if any were in place and any witness reports. You must state if the person was hurt, what the injury was, if they needed first aid or any other medical treatment. For any incident or near miss records need to be filled in the same way. Records must be maintained, up to date and accurate and stored safely and securely in accordance to the companies Policies and Procedures. b) If time is needed off work the Supervisor must advise the Senior WHS consultant before the end of the working day.
Literature on workplace safety, review of policies and procedures, MSDS, and proper disposal receptacles for contaminated and potential hazardous substances can help avoid and prevent workplace injury. One important step to preventing workplace injury at Infectious Disease Specialists is the policy implemented by the organization. Ensuring all staff knows the correct preventative steps and reporting methods is paramount to rapid response in the case of an incident. The steps taken and the effectiveness of the staff in applying the policy are crucial. These efforts will not prevent every incident, but they can help reduce incidents.