The substantial increase in population due to immigration that occurs during this time goes on to affect the nation in positive and negative ways. Some of the adverse affects of such a rapid growth in population were overcrowding in cities, lack of jobs, and occasional food shortages. But the hard working spirit and work ethic that the immigrants brought, along with a determined will to succeed, were an overarching positive were crucial to the country becoming what it is today. In the late 1800s, people in many parts of the world decided to leave their homes and emigrate to the United States. Immigrants entered into the United States through several
They produced many new jobs with the need for new roads since the American landscape was drastically expanding. Advertisements not only made businesses prosper but gave people actual helpful information, such as the idea of keeping a much better personal hygiene being better for your health. Alternating electrical current increased energy efficiency tenfold compared to direct current since people could actually turn off their electricity. However, the Installment Plan created a country-wide idea that you could now buy what you really can’t afford and that made a lot of debt which eventually made the stock market crash leading to the Great Depression. Although there was a blotch on the great economic image of the twenties, the bigger smudge was on the cultural rifts that
The crops helped to provide good food for the peasants of Europe and Ireland, helping to end the huge problem of famine. Crops that were brought form the Old World to the new, such as sugar, rice, and coffee help start new industries and markets. Livestock brought to the New World supplied power and meat. Horses helped the Spanish prepare for conquer of the native Indians. Sadly, diseases brought from the Old World wiped out many native civilizations in the New World.
Green Revolution In the 20th century the food surplus was being out paced by population, which led to mass famine and starvation. With the Green Revolution in place the food supply skyrocketed, and population followed, but the population stayed behind the overall food supply keeping famine and starvation at bay and creating prosperity, for the most part. Despite the fact that the revolution has helped those problems it did have some negative affects mainly regarding the environment. Documents 3,10 and 8 can be grouped together around the idea that the Green Revolution is not the solution to the lack of food supply in the world because all three authors argue that it is a complete failure, that the revolution compromised the actual seed certain countries had been growing for thousands of years, or that the revolution wasn’t what the developing countries needed. In document 3, Harry Truman states that the developing countries not only need but also deserve the support of the developed countries to improve living conditions, food supply, disease control, and economic life.
Once all the main factors are evaluated, it becomes clear that the life of the peasants did not improve so it remained uniformly bleak throughout the period of 1855-1964. For majority of the period, the living conditions for the average peasant remained uniformly bleak. Especially when considering 1917, under Nicholas II, accommodation was often a low standard as demand outstripped supply following an influx to the cities, such poor living conditions had a detrimental effect in their quality of life which was also the same under the communist leaders, where living conditions remained in an equally bad, if not worse when compared to the Tsars. Some may suggest that Nikita Khrushchev did try to improve the living conditions by building more social housing but he was more interested in competing in the Cold War than improving the living conditions of the peasants. Therefore, lack of care led to his housing policy to be unsuccessful and proving that live of the peasants under Khrushchev did not improve.
Many people did not have money to spend in businesses and businesses also took out loans that needed to be paid back. However, without business they were not making any money resulting in business failure. This also hurt the economy. After the war the price of grain dropped and farmers
The population was estimated to have dropped 50-60%, so the prices of goods rapidly dropped, since there were so few people still alive to buy it. The lower levels of the social chain, like the peasants, serfs, farmers, and factory workers were struck the hardest. (Pollama) Since their living and work conditions were not very sanitary, and their living spaces were often cramped and dirty, they were the easiest targets for the plague. All of the jobs that these people had were now open, and available for people to take. Since the serf population had gotten ridiculously low, plantation owners were forced to start paying workers to tend the farms.
The law brought positive changes to the country encouraging more people to seek employment, “working people developed their own self-help movement”. Walsh M, et al, 2000. But also created some negative changes, working conditions were extremely harsh and families were split up. The amendment act was disliked by the poor population of the country because of the leissez-faire system the government had in place, the government’s approach on leissez-faire was to intervene as little as possible with the direction of economic affairs. This had an impact on the poor, it caused stigma and the poor had a mark of disgrace on their reputation.
This will also increase the amount of people that are retired from 12 percent of the United States population to almost 20 percent. With the rise of the aging population there is a need for more professional health and social service expertise. According to the Institute of Medicine’s landmark report, the is a shortage of health care professionals to care for the aging population in the current time and this number will grow faster as the Baby Boomers retire. One of the fastest growing employment sectors would be the eldercare. .
This is due to the value of human capital far outweighing the value of infrastructure resources. This means that having increased levels of educated and qualified population will lead to higher levels of growth within an economy. Education has definitely been acknowledged as an important aspect of development with many countries increasing their levels of spending exponentially. Currently 75 million people are not able to access primary education, with more than half of them being made up of women. 98% of people who do not have access to education live in developing or third world nations, this is a serious issue when looking at why poverty and low standards of living are so dominant.