The French however were trying to cause a true revolution, a reason to overthrown their king and remove all the inequalities there was. The American Revolution, beginning in 1776, had started with tensions between Britain and its colonist due to the debt that the Britain’s accrued from the war with the French and Indians. Up to this point the colonist had elected their own assemblies and had grown accustomed to running their own affairs. The British began passing legislation, which increased the taxation of American colonies, tightening their control over the colonists. One of the regulations that Parliament passed was the Stamp Act of 1765.
Was the American Revolution really “revolutionary” Revolutions start off as rebellions. People seek change in political, economic, social aspects of their governing bodies. The American Revolution was no different. Colonists united because they felt they were not treated fairly and seeked immediate change. The revolution changed the colonies government from monarch to a republic.
THE AMERICAN AND FRENCH REVOLUTION The revolution between the French and Americans were being forced by liberty and equality. Both wanting to obtain freedom by the high ranking monarchs. Differences were mainly visible between these two revolutions, such as the Americans wanting to get some sort of freedom from the taxes and laws that were forced buy Great Britain. Great Britain was a strong and powerful “group”. Whereas the French wanted a revolution to be freed from the monarchs that were implementing things in France.
The colonies debated England's power to tax them and did not wish to be taxed without representation. Consequently the American Revolution began, and the probability of the colonies winning was not bright, but the patriots were willing to fight to become a free, independent nation. The Patriots used several different strategies to defeat the “Lobster Backs.” During and after the war, people began thinking of extremely radical ideas that were exceptionally revolutionary of the time. There were numerous, significant people that contributed to military intelligence of the American Revolution. With the odds against the colonies, George Washington kept the revolution alive by staying one step ahead of the British.
When they won the French and Indian War, England had to make a few reforms. King George III declared the Proclamation of 1763, which forbid American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains in an effort the stabilize relations with the Native Americans. However this angered many colonists who had land grants there and in turn, the Proclamation Line was ignored. This was the start of a series of disagreements between the two lands, as the American citizens began to gain a stronger taste for independence. Enlightenment writers such as John Locke, who patented the idea that it
After the war, Great Britain was in a large enough debt that it was able to destroy the English government. This affected political and economic relations between the colonies and Great Britain. The British had ideals that set them apart from the English colonies. Despite the two of them working together against the French opposition, the ways the British treated and behaved around the colonists in British North America convinced them that they would be put entirely under the rule of the English crown and one day become enslaved. The British forgot about the role that the American troops had in the war.
The most famous revolution during this period was the French Revolution. The monarchy had been restored, the feudal privileges were abolished and new codes of law were created under Napoleon's conquest. There was a larger amount of people that were effected during these revolutions rather than the ones that Latin America had. Despite having wars for independence from direct, political control from overseas, power was taken by the Creole and mazombo elites. Their economy was also not the best and they eventually relied on the former colonizers.
Louis Napoleon claimed that sovereignty of the people was his first priority, but it is obvious that his authoritarian rule actually came first. However, The Bonapartist regime became a little more liberal in the 1860’s as Louis Napoleon became more lenient on press censorship, he allowed for open debates to take place in the parliament. He also began urban renewal and development projects in Paris and constructed railways which encouraged and created economic development. He appeared to be a very reliable and suitable emperor, but his main downfall was his terrible decisions when it came to his foreign policy which ultimately led to his demise. France was in a bad state after the revolutions of 1848 which was sparked, because the King Louis-Philippe and his ministers refused an extension to the franchise.
Western Civ Sara G Essay: Catalyzed by the Enlightenment, the French Revolution signifies an epoch in which dissimilar socioeconomic classes sought a more democratic state, even though each estate’s motive differed. Given the initial ambition of the revolution, it was ultimately unsuccessful because of the people’s failures through the constitution of 1791, the establishment of the Committee of Safety, and the appointment of Napoleon as emperor. The Constitution of 1791, though nearly efficacious, failed because of Louis XVI’s inability to reign as a constitutional monarch. The National Assembly wrote the Constitution, exploiting enlightenment values as inspiration for the composition. The Constitution of 1791 incorporated ideas such as voting rights for white men who passed a test of wealth, having only one house legislature would be responsible for lawmaking, and pronouncing that the king does not have an absolute veto.
The Glorious Revolution was to overthrow King James II of England by a union of the English Parliamentarians and with William of Orange in the Netherlands. The Glorious Revolution recreates the monarchy England had lost in the reign of Oliver Cromwell but limits its power under the Constitutional Monarchy. The House of Commons became equal to and gaining more power than the House of Lords. After much intolerance over religion, the Parliament issues with the long succession of kings, and the people’s wishes being denied more often than not, I believe that England should be ruled as a democracy where people are able to elect leaders, try to keep a stable throne and ensure reforms that will help the people. My past experiences and views of how a government should be and its ruler has helped me come to this decision.