The Constitution of the United States was written in 1787, but there was a struggle for its ratification that went on until 1790. Members of Congress believed that the Articles of Confederation, the first government of the United States, needed to be altered while others did not want change. After the Revolutionary War, there was a need for strong state centered governments, rather than a strong central government based on their experience as a colony. However, a record reveals that the Articles of Confederation were not meeting the needs of Americans, and the need for a new Constitution was desired. This desired Constitution created a huge dispute and argument between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.
The stark diffrences between the two parties lead the the demise of the Federalist Parties and the rise of the Democratic Republicans. The Federalist and the Democratic Republicans have many different views on how they believe the government should be and how it should be set up. The federalists lead by Alexander Hamilton believed that the United States should create the first national bank, to help fund the nations debt from the war and to establish a states government and not a central government , but the Democratic Republicans believed it was against the constitution to establish a national bank, the Democratic Republicans also believed that a strong central government should be established instead of a states government, and with this one currency instead of one for every state. The Federalists also believed that a protective Tariff should be put in place to shield infant industries, the Federalist also believed in commercial trade throughout the sea ports to other countries. The Democratic Republicans on the other hand believed that no special tariff should be put on the manufacturers, and didn't believe in commercial trade they believed in agriculture.
Anti-Federalist felt that the Constitution gave more power to central government and less to the states. They also argued that the constitution would become too weak because the central government wouldn’t be able to run all states as a result of being too distant and removed from interest of common citizens and farmers. They feared that the Federalists' new government would be too similar to the harsh regimes of Europe which held great power and thus repressed the people. Anti-Feds were extremely scared of a strong central government and the fact that under the new Constitution, the federal government was more powerful than individual states. Another argument was that the states could not print money
During George Washington’s term, Hamilton and Jefferson disagreed with each other’s views of how the government should run. Jefferson was very strict with staying and adhering to the Constitution, while Hamilton wanted to form new policies that would further progress the economy. Furthermore, foreign affairs such as beginning with the policies towards the French Revolution became a motivating force for influencing American politics. It had then seemed very obvious that these were factors that lead to the success of American politics. In the early 1790’s Washington was elected for president and Alexander Hamilton came along with him.
Name U.S History Instructors name 10/14/14 Federalist Vs Anti-federalist From 1787-1790 the development of the American Constitution was a battle between two opposing political philosophies. America’s best political minds gathered in Philadelphia and other cities in the Northeast in order to find common ground in a governmental structure. The Federalists and the Anti-Federalists had both some political thoughts that agreed as well as some political thoughts that disagreed. However, both parties would compromise and ultimately come together. The Federalist Party, led by James Madison, was in favor of the newly formed Constitution.
1. The United States Constitution’s ratification resulted from a political process that required compromise between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists. Many of the debates in government today continue to reflect the concerns of each perspective. (a) Compare the positions of Federalists and Anti-Federalists regarding the power of the national government. The Federalist led by Alexander Hamilton favored a strong central government.
The Articles of Confederation were created as a new central government form after the American Revolution. The Articles still consisted of problems, specifically financial ones. Hamilton proposed a plan that would put U.S. finances on a stable foundation. He planned to lower national debt and strengthen the national credit because he believed that "a national debt was a national blessing". However, some people, such as Jefferson and small farmers opposed his ideas, because they believed in states' rights and a strict interpretation of the constitution, which led to the split of two different political parties.
Then there were the anti-federalists, who had overlapping reasons for opposing the Constitution. Many famous patriots led them. An example is Patrick Henry, who opposed the Constitution because he believed it destroyed the supremacy of the individual states. The biggest supporter of the United States Constitution was the Federalist Party. The Federalists did not have a bill of rights.
Republicans vs. Federalists Abby Weigel THE # 4 The Federalist and the Democratic-Republicans were two political parties that were formed in the 1790’s, due to the debate and controversies of the new government. Fighting between these two political groups was focused more on their views of democracy, government power, the economy, and foreign affairs. The Government/Democracy, the Economics, and Foreign affairs were the subjects that caused all the heated debates and arguments between the two political parties. The Federalists supported a totally different form of government than the Republicans. The Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, favored a strong central government who had the power to tax, make treaties, control exports/imports, and declare war.
Some political issues that arose from the ratification of the Constitution were that it gave the central government way too much power. It also lacked civil rights for the citizens and it didn’t have enough states behind it to elect the first president, therefore George Washington was appointed as the first President of the United States. When the ratification of the Constitution went through two major political parties were formed, the Federalists (Alexander Hamilton, believed in a strong central government and less power for the states) and the Anti-Federalists (Thomas Jefferson, believers in a weak central government and more individual powers to the states). These two political parties had different interpretations on who would have the final authority within the nation. Federalist were strong supporters of a powerful central government and limiting the powers of states individually, while the Anti-Federalists thought that a weak central government and more power to each state would benefit the nation better.