The two great leaders just differed too greatly in their views over a few fundamental areas at the time, thus making the development of political parties inevitable. Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson differed greatly in their opinions over who, exactly, should lead the government, and how, exactly, the Constitution should be interpreted. Hamilton, on one hand, thought that the common people that composed the vast majority of the population of the United States were utterly incapable of self-government. Said Hamilton in 1792, “Your people, sir, is a great beast,” thus exemplifying the Federalist belief that
At the Constitutional Convention the Federalists drew up plans for a new constitution while the Anti-Federalists complained and picked apart their plan, even though the Anti-Federalists had no plan of their own. The main issue the Anti-Federalists had with the new constitution was that they thought that it would not protect the rights of states and individuals. Federalists argued that a stronger government was necessary, not to impede individual rights, but to be able to pass and enforce laws. Federalists also argued a stronger bond between states was needed to improve the economic state of the country. Under the Articles of Confederation each state printed their own currency which became worthless in any other
This demonstrates how differences on both foreign policy and political ideas would cause a larger split between the two nations, Mao was adamant at this point in the 1960’s not to work with the USA; it went against the million of comrades he viewed as ‘struggling ‘ to free themselves from capitalist oppression. A distance between the nations seemed imminent. Similarly, ideological differences regarding domestic policy created a rift between the two nations. The USSR criticised of the ‘great leap forward’ and the Chinese plans to trigger the change from agriculture to ‘back yard steel furnaces’ meaning that the Chinese saw the USSR as limiting their ability to prosper- this was reinforced through the feeling that soviet economic and military aid would be limited. Khrushchev in his speech in 1956 had condemned the domestic policies of Stalin.
Hamilton feared anarchy and thought in terms of order; Jefferson feared tyranny and thought in terms of freedom Hamilton pointed out that America must have credit for industrial development, commercial activity and the operations of government. It must also have the complete faith and support of the people. There were many who wished to repudiate the national debt or pay only part of it. Hamilton however insisted upon full payment and also upon a plan by which the government took over the unpaid debt of the states incurred during the Revolution. Hamilton also devised a Bank of the United States, with
During the 1970s the main issue of contention was the Vietnam war. Neoconservatives believed that America should oppose Communism wherever it took root. They believed that Communism had to be countered because it was immoral as well as a threat to the national security of the United States. They were more than happy to side with Ronald Reagan's administration when he referred to Communism as, an "evil empire" (Muravchik, 2007). During this era, the political stance of conservatives on the other side of the spectrum was evident in the actions taken by then Presidents Richard
In Alexander Hamilton’s written opinion for president George Washington, he said “it is conceded that implied powers are to be considered as delegated equally with express ones”. The Federalist wanted stronger federal power and therefore believed in the loose interpretation of the United States constitution, and the Democratic-Republicans wanted less federal power and therefore believed in a strict interpretation of the constitution. Alexander Hamilton was a federalist, and his economic plan involved the creation of the National Bank, however the Democratic-Republicans believed that the constitution did not give the government the right to do such a thing. This was a difference in views of the two parties, in the matters of how the constitution should be interpreted. Moreover, the Federalist and Democratic-Republicans differed in their views on foreign affairs.
In order for America to become an industrial power he wanted the strong central government to run the business and industries. During that time some people wished to only pay part of the national debt but Hamilton did not. He believed that the debt should be paid completely. To be able to pay the national debt he believed it was important to establish a national bank to establish good national credit (Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson). When he proposed the creation of the national debt the anti-federalist protested against this idea because in the Constitution it never stated anything about a bank.
There were major differences in the way Federalists and Republican viewed politics, economics, foreign affairs, and Constitutional philosophy. Politically, the Federalist Party advocated for a strong centralized national government. Headed by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams, the Federalists believed in developing industry in America, as well as trade and strong economic policies. The Federalist Party was mainly supported by bankers and rich businessmen, and favored policies that supported their interests. The Republicans had a much different perspective on politics.
The debates in America during the late 1700s and early 1800s revealed bitter controversies on a number of issues, especially the Alien and Sedition Acts. To start with, the different viewpoints over foreign relations in America became a controversy when it was believed that the wrong decision could lead to a loss of independence. Also during the early years of America, many people had different views about governmental issues, which lead to the formation of factions, which made many people believe that the nation was coming close to a civil war. Another controversy was caused by differences between the federalist and anti-federalist and the hungers for power; the power craving factions presented the problem that one faction might take over and rule the newly found nation. During the late 1700s and early 1800s, the different viewpoints over foreign relations in America became a controversy when it was believed that the wrong decision could lead to a loss of independence.
1. The “classical model of politics” is where there are a number of different correct forms of government, and each form of government can devolve into a dishonest form of government, in which it can, and often times will, become corrupted. Thucydides has been called the father of the school of Political Realism, which basically is the idea that states’ main motivation is the desire for military and economic power, and not ideals and ethics. It is like power politics. Thucydides does not directly support the argument of the “classical model of politics” but his views of Political Realism sort of allude to it.