This paper focuses on Freud's revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis and whether psychoanalysis should be considered a "great" idea in personality. The fundamental principles of the theory are developed and explained. In addition, the views of experts are reviewed, and many of the criticisms and strengths of various aspects of Freud's theory are examined and explained. Upon consideration, the author considers psychoanalysis to be a valuable theory despite its weaknesses because it is comprehensive, serendipitous, innovative, and has withstood the test of time. Consequently, the author contends that psychoanalysis is indeed a "great" idea in personality.
The emphasis is on the quality of the therapist–client relationship and empathic attunement while tapping the client’s wisdom and resources (Cain, 2002). The Gestalt approach focuses much more on process than on content. Therapists devise experiments designed to increase clients’ awareness of what they are doing and how they are doing it. Perls asserted that how individuals behave in the present moment is far more crucial to self-understanding than why they behave as they do. Awareness usually involves insight and sometimes introspection, but Gestalt therapists consider it to be much more than either.
All these humanistic psychologists did researches on freedom , values, tragedy, human potential, spirituality, personal responsibility and agreed people were naturally good. Rogers used the person centred approach to increase an understanding of human personalities and relationships. The person centred approach views the client to be in control of their own their own potential growth. Rogers (1961) argued that the client who knows what hurts, what directions to go, what problems are vital, and what experiences have been deeply buried. Person centred Counselling is a relationship therapy”.
Psychotherapeutic Theories and Models (CPc1) Assignment 2 Paul Carey Student No: 1241-13 Abstract In this assignment I will explore the theories of Existentialism and Narrative therapy, giving an overview of the main elements, including examples of potential weaknesses or limitations that may occur in their clinical use. I will then discuss and explore the ways the theories links with the case study of John, using examples from Johns presenting story to explore a clinical application. Theoretical discussion Existentialism is a philosophical approach to therapy (Corey, 2009a), where the therapist practically applies this approach to a relevant discussion and thinking about a client’s life (Van Deurzen & Adams, 2011). It is not so much a therapy about individual problems, as it is a therapy on the problem of life, or living, as applied to the clients own sense of self in the world (Van Deurzen & Adams, 2011). Philosophers who laid the foundation for the approach gave focus to the existential or ontological dimension of our existence (Cohn, 1997).
ON THE COGITO IN EDMUND HUSSERL’S PHILOSOPHY Emel KOC It is not a coincidence that Edmund Husserl named one of his most important works as “Cartesian Meditations”. This title emphasizes Husserl’s aim. On the one hand, philosopher, in a very special sense, considers his philosophical ideal as a cartesian ideal; on the other hand, his method, at the last analysis, is a meditation method. Husserl, who evaluates his all philosophical aims as a meditation over Descartes’ meditations, considers his phenomenology as a “neo-Cartesianism”. According to Husserl, the substance of Cartesianism consists of the passion of a rational confirmation for knowledge.
Person-centered therapy warmly embraces a number of key values (adapted from Korchin, 1976, pp. 353ff). A key value is that persons should not be “atomized” or broken down into their component parts, but rather should be studied as whole and unique beings; what persons tell us through self-report of their experience is to be more highly valued than what we can observe directly or objectively. We are coparticipants in the process of self-actualization, we must be willing to enter into the consciousness field of others as well as our own. Another key value is that intuition and empathic should be viewed as extremely important means of gaining insight and
Outline and explain the theories of act and rule utilitarianism. Examine the case study about the programme of surveillance below from the perspective of act and rule utilitarianism. Which of these approaches are most helpful in exploring the programme of surveillance from an ethical perspective? Give reasons for your answer. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), an English philosopher and the most prominent name in relation of the founding of utilitarianism, described utilitarianism as “the greatest happiness for the greatest felicity of people”.
(Rhyne, 1990, p. 2). Gestalt therapy’s basic principle derives from an existential and process based approach that is based of an ongoing relationship with the environment (Corey, 2009). Gestalt therapy customizably fits into the category along with humanistic approaches. Some scholars often criticize Gestalt therapy and say it is a quirky version of Maslow’s ideas; however, I beg to differ. Gestalt therapy shares many concepts of the Rogerian therapy of Carl Rogers, but it is in a category of itself.
Running head: COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Abstract CBT is based on the concept that mental disorders are associated with characteristic changes in cognitive and behavioral functioning. This pathology can be modified with realistic problem-focused techniques. CBT is well established as a treatment for depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, substance use disorders and is therapeutic to use in all ages. There is growing evidence that it can play an significant role in the clinical management of a large range of other disorders, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and axis II conditions. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy History Aaron Temkin Beck is known as the father of cognitive behavioral therapy.
Later on, Jung himself describes having two opposing personalities as well. Carl Jung’s experiences throughout his life most certainly lead to the development of many of his major theories, such as the collective unconscious, archetypes and synchronicity. Jung discussed the psyche and how both repressed experiences as well as a collection of experiences from our ancestors can motivate the individual. For the rest of Jung’s