COSOLIDATING: REFLECTIVE PRACTICE. INTRODUCTION: In this reflective essay, the writer intends to explain the concepts of reflection. Analyse and critically reflect on his professional development throughout the branch pathway during his training placement programme. Among the module undertaken are perspective of mental health, therapeutic use of self, patient focus, restoring mental health, supervision and management of care. With the use of Gibbs and John’s reflective model, the writer will critically examine acquisition of clinical knowledge and skills.
RUNNING HEAD: Existentialism Existential Psychotherapy: Theory, Practice, and Research Nadine Duckworth EDUC 5705 - Counselling Psychology: Theory October 29, 2007 Existential Psychotherapy: Theory, Practice, and Research Introduction Existential therapists assist clients to develop a deeper understanding about life, enhance their self-knowledge, and become the authors of their own reality. Existential psychotherapy can be seen as a tapestry of intersecting practices, all oriented around the concern of the lived human experience (Cooper, 2003). In this paper, I will explore the history and philosophical ideas of existentialist theory, examine its descriptive and prescriptive value with regard to therapeutic practice, and evaluate the research in support of it. I will conclude with the proposition that existentialism is a very broad theory that has many potential applications, and is in need of more research to support its practices. History of Existentialist Theory As long as humankind has been consciously aware of its own existence, there have been existential ponderings.
My name is ______ and I am a psychologist with expertise in the Gestalt therapy perspective. The Gestalt therapy perspective is a type of therapy considered to be existential and experiential forms of psychotherapy. This perspective focuses on personal responsibility of decisions made by the individual as well as the individual's experiences in the past and present. This form of therapy holds strong emphasis on the importance of a client- therapist relationship, and the experiences related to environment and society of the individual. The Gestalt therapy examines the adjustments the individual takes charge of, allowing the individual to make choices related to the situation of their life, overall.
Rather it is more appropriate to speak of existential psychotherapies (Cooper, 2003 Walsh & McElwain, 2002). Yalom (1980) defined existential psychotherapy as a dynamic approach to therapy which focuses on concerns that are rooted in the individual’s existence. The existential approach is a dynamic approach that focuses four ultimate concerns that are rooted in the human existence: death, freedom, existential isolation and meaninglessness (Yalom, 1980). Existential therapy is founded on the premise that we are free and therefore responsible for our choices and actions. We are the leaders of our lives and we need to find experiences that will give them meaning.
A cognitive viewpoint is important for the appreciation that reclines inside the person's cognition, that is, conscious power, and they should be capable of describing how to develop information and come up with conclusions. It is founded on the initiative that any dispensation of information is arbitrated by a coordination of sorts or theories of which the device for processing information is a world representation, whether it is figurative or perceptual. A cognitive point of view outlooks the mind of a person as a machine that processes information first and foremost through a sensory input, then internalizing or thinking as termed otherwise and outputting by verbalization. The origin of more information behavior theory focuses on the three procedures. Cognitive psychology in times gone by viewed these three procedures as self-governing, but has of late regarded them as mutually dependent.
These views can be compared to Boud et al. (1985), cited in Farrelly (2010: p.26) which states that reflection is; “A complex and deliberate process of thinking about and interpreting experience in order to learn from it.” These three definitions demonstrate that reflection is a process of evaluating an incident and changing things, in order to provide better understanding and practice. This is supported by Schön (1983) who described that reflection is the way in which the knowledge that underpins practice can be discovered and improved. Miller et al. (2008) suggest that in order for professionals to challenge their practice, they must reflect on their practice.
Horton (1999), regarded personal integration as a desire to clarify what is a model of counselling or psychotherapy, then use the conclusion as a way to structure the elements for an analysis of thinking in practice. I hope to demonstrate in this essay a personal integrative style that is suited to the way I propose to work, and to show how each client relationship is unique, but to always be mindful that the relationship is the therapy. Carl Jung said: "Learn your theories as well as you can, but put them aside when you touch the miracle of the living soul. Not theories but your own creative individuality alone must decide." (Jung 1953, cited in Hypnogenesis 2001).
Personality Analysis Paper PSY 405 Tammy Poe September 28, 2011 Jerry Mote A large number of psychologist and philosophers have examined, tested, researched, and analyzed theories associated with behavior and personality. Theories of personalities provide the significant factors, influences affiliated with personality development as well as the ideas of traits; one’s culture, religion, beliefs, and factors such as disabilities, drugs, alcohol, and influences such as a parent, teacher, object needs or wants, and other affects related to personality. In this paper the subject to explain is the theoretical approaches of humanistic and existential theory, and the dispositional approach theory. The paper includes theoretical approaches, and the role of personality and behaviors. Including personality characteristics that contribute to these theories, along with the interpersonal relationship’s associated with the humanistic, existential, and dispositional theories.
Running Head: EXISTENTIAL COUNSELING 1 An Analysis of Existential Therapy from a Counseling Perspective Mark Oliver University of Houston – Clear Lake Running Head: EXISTENTIAL COUNSELING 2 Abstract Existential theory is derived from the existential philosophy movement of the nineteenth century. There were several individuals instrumental in the development of existential therapy including Bugental, Frankl, May, and Yalom. It is not a concise theory but is a loose collection of theories centering on the meaning or purpose of life. However it is applicable to counseling because of its focus on the meaning of life which promotes clients well-being. The main therapeutic techniques are: Logotherapy, the “I-thou model”, and the self-in-world concept.
Abstract This essay traces the influences of key historical founders of the psychological perspective known as behaviourism. It provides a definition, together with an understanding of the main concepts and principles of behaviourism. This includes tracing the notions of early theorists on how behaviour can be observed as a reflex, through a conditioned reflex, the influence of emotions on learned behaviour, and the role that reinforcement can have in shaping behaviour. The studies and theories posed will demonstrate the usefulness as behavourism as a scientific investigation of observable behaviour. Finally it provides examples of the practical use of behaviourism as a clinical intervention.