Examine Some of the Ways in Which Marxists Explain Crime

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Examine some of the ways in which Marxists explain crime Marxist theories of crime, including the more recent neo-Marxist theories, are conflict approaches. They see society based on conflict between social classes, and social inequality caused by capitalism as the driving force behind crime. Traditional Marxists say that capitalism causes crimes, the term we use for this is criminogenic capitalism; capitalism, by its very nature causes crime. Crime and deviance are systematically created by the structure of capitalist society, the ruling class exploit the working class as they own the means of production. It breeds competition and commodity fetishism, whereby people gain a desire for material things. The people in question become obsessed with personal gain and coming out on top, breaking the law is a small price to pay for the reward of success. David Gordon argues that crime is a response to the capitalist system and is found in every single part of the class structure, even if the official statistics mark it out to be a working class problem. Marxists see law making and law enforcement as serving the interest of capitalism, Chambliss argues that law to protect private property are made to protect the interest of the dominant and capitalist or ruling class because they decide as to what constitutes as crime. Laureen Snider argues that the state is reluctant to pass laws that regulate the activities of businesses or threaten their profits, there is the Marxist view that there is one law for the rich and another for the poor. Crimes committed by the rich are rarely prosecuted by the police and courts even though in monetary terms their crimes far exceed that of the working class. David Gordon says that crime is seen to be a working class problem and therefore this justifies the ruling classes need to control and imprison those who break the law, this distracts
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