Critical Criminology Essay

678 Words3 Pages
Critical Criminology, primarily structured by the Marxist doctrine, attaches particular emphasis on the birth of crime and how the concepts of fairness and punishment, are associated with social inequalities and hierarchies that ultimately prevail. As a result, criminality and the administration of justice in general, are greatly affected in space-time because the social structure of inequality and social classes give them each time different definitions. The concepts where Critical Criminology focuses more are the social harm and human rights in general. According to this approach, even criminals have the rights to become useful and productive elements of society, with the help of Critical Criminology, since the international justice system seems to be weak to fight crime. However, could there be an actual connection between Marxism and criminology? Critical criminologists believe that the upper classes always decide what a crime is and how it will be punished. They use the justice system to control the lower classes and prevent them from gaining power. They feel that many justice systems are unfair for that reason. That's why critical criminologists concentrate on different areas like postmodern structures and capitalism and their effects or relationships with crime and justice systems. But it is also a fact that the criminal system of a country is shaped by that society, its culture and its social norms. The application of Marxist analysis in the study of the criminal phenomenon emphasized the differences rather than making up a common reference point of the individual analyses, as there were different points of views on the question of the relationship between Marxist theory and criminology. The vision of the crime of Marx and Engels is completely different. In Marxism, crime is not treated as a separate field of study, because the object of study in
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