Ethnocentrism Vs. Culture Relativism

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Cultural relativism refers to the idea that behavior in a particular culture should not be judged by the standards of a different culture. The opposite idea, ethnocentrism, refers to the notion that we should use the standards of our own culture to judge the behavior and practices of another culture. For each of the two incidents described below, explain why you would be likely to take either the perspective of cultural relativism or ethnocentrism. Write about half of a page (typed) for each question. 1. In many regions of Indian sons are preferred to daughters for reasons related to kinship, inheritance, marriage, identity, status, economic security, and lineage. Although laws have been passed to prohibit sex-selective abortion, this practice continues and may be increasing due to new reproductive technologies. Campaigns by international health and human rights groups have opposed sex selection, yet many people argue that within this cultural context, sex selection may be necessary to ensure the economic and social well being of the child and family. For this scenario I will be taking the ethnocentrism perspective. However in doing some research on ethnocentrism, I have found that ethnocentrism is a commonly used word in circles where ethnicity, inter-ethnic relations, and similar social issues are of concern. The usual definition of the term is "thinking one's own group's ways are superior to others" or "judging other groups as inferior to one's own". "Ethnic" refers to cultural heritage, and "centrism" refers to the central starting point... so "ethnocentrism" basically refers to judging other groups from our own cultural point of view. However, I feel that this is how I need to look at this scenario, from a ethnocentrism perspective. Nobody should be choosing what sex of a baby gets to live and have a chance in this world. It shouldn’t matter weather
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