During the day, children who are under the age of 5 are not old enough to be part of the school environment. That leaves the parents to have to find alternate care for their children. These options include in home care by a nanny or relative, care in the house of a relation, and a full or part time day care center. Many child care centers provide early learning to children to give them a pre-school education. There are studies, however, that claim the even though children benefit socially and mentally from day care, their behavior problems are higher than those of children that are not placed in outside the home day care (Belsky et al., 2006).
People also think that it could lead to an insecure attachment and lead to psychological effects on the child later in life. There are many studies which argue both sides to the effects of day care and I am now going to look at some closer. Clarke-Stewart studied 500 children and found that children in care for up to 30 hours per week were no more distressed than other children who had attended much lower hours of day care when separated from parents in the strange situation. This shows that children can form strong attachments with mothers even if they are in their 24/7 care, although the experiment could direction the other way as the experiment was only done in one area opposed to several so it lacks in population validity. Roggman et al (1994) compared infants who had attended day care in the first year with those who had remained at home and they found no difference in attachment with mothers.
Foster Children 4/5/2012 Sociology 101 Sociology 101 4/5/2012 Foster Children How does the quality of life for a foster child differ from that of a child who has been raised by their birth mother and or father? Statistics show that children who are brought up in the foster care system have a higher chance to develop behavioral delays, lower education levels, higher crime rates and have a higher depression rate than those of other children. Secondly, does the type of foster care home play a role in how these foster children can be better integrated into our society as they become working adults? Research indicates that a foster home verse a group foster care can have big benefits to the well being of the foster child. Thirdly, how does the cost to care for foster children affect our financial system here in America?
They can provide childcare and give the child the opportunity to learn something new. An example of a voluntary sector in my area is ********** which is an organisation for girls ages 7-10 that gives them an opportunity to try new things, make new friends, meet other people and engage in out-of-school activities. A private sector is not funded by the government and they make a profit from their services. They provide care and education for the children whose parents or carers pay for them to attend. These services are assessed and inspected the same as the statutory sectors to ensure that the health and safety is of an acceptable standard.
In 2001, that number had grown to about 1.7 million. (Teen Scene) This number could have grown for many personal or non personal reasons, but what I feel about home schooled being a positive situation, is that the student doing this type of education, can learn time management, self motivation, and independence for themselves in the future. It could help them be able to grow up and learn things on their own and to be more independent for themselves. They could also feel more comfortable around their people during home school, rather then feeling uncomfortable arounds strangers in a public school or the fear of not getting along with anyone. Being around people that we know, makes us feel more comfortable in the environment that we could be in.
Critically discuss the concept of socialisation as used in sociology. Illustrate your answer with examples. Socialisation is defined as the process by which an individual becomes integrated into accepting the norms and values of society. This is a process that commonly occurs around the time of early infancy and is performed primarily by parents as part of normal child development. Socialisation has been studied by a number of sociologists and can occur in a number of forms outside parental primary socialisation over a range of different settings.
The developmental assessment of young children has of late taken new importance. The education department and private organizations have had a vested interest in programs that test the readiness of young children for each developmental stage of their lives. From a governmental point of view; the identification of children from economically disadvantaged communities and special needs aids the development of programs that will enhance the preparedness of these young children. Readiness tests (a form of achievement test) have often been used prior to preschool entrance to ascertain a child’s likelihood of success in preschool (sadly these assessments are rarely conducted in many impoverished South African contexts) and as a basis on which to make recommendations to parents about whether to enroll their children in the regular program or in some form of extra-year program or to postpone preschool entry. Since the early identification of developmental errors consequently assist private and public sector organizations to intervene and thus influence the effect that developmental delays may have on social, language and academic skills.
Effects of day care on children's social development ( eg agression, peer relations) One aspect of social development that could be affected by day care is a young child's attachment to its parents. However, the findings do not provide a clear message , as some early studies failed to identify differences in the quality of mother-infant attachment between infants who were reared at home and those who that attended a day care of had a childminder. However Belsky and Rovine ( 1988) found that children who spent more than 20 hours per week in day care were more insecure atached than home-cared children. Also a number of investigations have reported that children who have been in day care are more likely to show higher levels of agression. The EPPE project(2003 by Sylva) has followed 3000 children in UK, since the age of 3, in a variety of pre-school settings, including nurseries, childminders and play groups.
Raising an only child has its opponents and its supporters, but a balanced level of parental involvement can lead to a well behaved, emotional strong child, that achieve higher scores in intelligence and achievement motivation compared to children from larger families. Hall’s comments are very disconcerting to me, being the father of an only-child. No one has done more to disprove Hall’s stereotype than Toni Falbo, a professor of educational psychology and sociology at the University of Texas. Twenty-five years ago, she and colleague Denise Polit conducted a meta-analysis of 115 studies of only children from 1925 onward that considered developmental outcomes of adjustment, character, sociability, achievement, and intelligence. Those studies showed that singletons aren’t measurably different from other kids – except that they, along with firstborns and people who have only one sibling, score higher in measures of intelligence and achievement (Sandler 3).
Personal data forms were also used to collect information as regards their age, gender, religion, and type of home they come from. Student's t-test statistic was used to analyse the data collected. Results indicated that students from intact homes had significantly better academic achievement than those from single parenting homes. Significant difference was found between the academic achievement of Christian and Muslim students from intact homes whereas none was found between the Christians and Muslims from single parenting homes: Also significant difference was found between the academic achievement of males and females from single parenting homes but none between those from intact homes. The implications of the findings for counseling single pare/its and their children were highlighted.