Immigration policy's effect on the labor force should be carefully considered, but the vast majority of immigrants are not admitted based on education or skill level. In 2009, the U.S. admitted over 1.1 million legal immigrants, just 5-8 percent of whom possessed employment skills in demand in the United States. By contrast, 66.1 percent were based on family preferences, or 73 percent if the relatives of immigrants arriving on employment visas are included. 16.7 percent of admissions were divided among refugees, asylum seekers and other humanitarian categories, while 4.2 percent of admissions were based on the diversity lottery (which only requires that winners have completed high school). Some family-based immigrants may be highly educated or skilled, but the vast majority of admissions are made without regard for those criteria.
This was supported by the National Child Development Study which found that children from low income households were an average of 9 months behind in their education compared to others. It showed that material factors such as a poor diet, overcrowded housing and lack of resources have an impact on working class children’s education. Additionally, family socialisation also is believed to affect the social class differences in achievement. Parental interest is shown to have a big impact. JWB Douglas did a longitudinal study of 5’362 children in 1964 which continued until they were 16.
In 2006, one in five women aged 45 were childless – double that of twenty years previously. Since women are choosing to not have children – the birth rate and there fore family size has fallen since 1900. Another factor is the decline in the infant mortality rate – the number of infants who die before their first birthday per 1000 babies born alive per year. Many sociologists argue that a fall in IMR leads to a fall in birth rate because if many infants die, parents have more children to replace those they have lost and thus increasing the birth rate. This is proven since in 1900 the IMR in the UK was 154 and by 2007 it had sharply declined to 5, owing to many factors including improved housing and better sanitation.
Or lets put it this way, there are 365 days in a year-considering it a regular year- that's 260 weekdays, give or take minus the 243 days of school that Japan students attend, that's only 17 days of break that they receive; compared to the US that has 80 non school days. That's 560 hours (assuming once again that they have 7 hour school days) that teens will have to themselves outside of school. The loss of learning that
Brown II attempted to speed this up. However, progress was slow, and in 1957, only 750 out of 6300 school districts had been integrated. 97% of black students remained in segregated schools. The 1964 Civil Rights Act gave the government the power to enforce the segregation of schools, but by 1968, 58% of children remained in segregated education. Nonetheless, Johnson's Higher Education Act of 1965 led to a fourfold increase in the number of clack students attending college and university during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
According to U.S. Census figures, in 1860, the percentage of immigrants that were European was 92 percent, but by 1960, the percentage of European immigrants had dropped to 74.5 percent, and by the year 2002, it had dropped to 14 percent. In 2001, 52.2 percent of immigrants come from Latin America,
Out of 5 million immigrants that arrived in America from 1815-1860, 1 in 6 chose to live in the north, compared to 1 in 30 in the south. Furthermore, the South’s economy was reliant on agriculture and that changed very little during the period of 1820 to 1860 with the percentage of labour in agriculture being 82% in 1800 only decreasing by 1% to 81% in 1860. In addition, in 1860 the Confederate States had 20 towns and only 1 in 14 were town dwellers in comparison to 1 in 4 people being town dwellers in the north. This shows a huge difference in the economies of the north and the south as the north was much more reliant on towns and the process of urbanisation, in relation to the south who were still reliant on agriculture as a main source for their economy. Firstly, the main difference was that the North relied much more on money from
There have been many changes in the death and birth rate for many different reasons which have caused these rates to both increase and decrease throughout the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st. In general the trend for birth rates since 1900 is that it has dropped from around 1.1 million to about 0.7 million in 2001. Deaths have generally stayed the same at around 0.6 million wavering back and forth. Fertility rates have also changed from 115 live births per 1000 women aged between 15 and 44 in 1900 to only 54.5 in 2001. Life expectancy in 1900 was only around 47 for men and 50 for women whereas it now in 2013 83 for men and 87 for women.
With 48.3% of the population being Hispanic and Latinos, 35.1 % of the population being born outside of the United States, and 56.8% of the population over 5 year old speaking a language other than English at home, this plays an important factor in education in terms of academic education and also in the education of preventative healthcare practices. According to the County Health Ranking of 2015, only 79% of the population graduated from high school as compared to 83% for the California rate, and only 58.9% have some college education. This will impact the chances of acquiring employment in positions that offer salaries that provide a standard of living that is above the poverty level and also provide health insurance. Currently, 27% of children in Los Angeles County live in
Most men only lived until 58 years for age, and most women only lived to 62 years of age, back in the thirties. They could not receive full benefits until age 65. Even though social security was passed in 1935, it did not start collecting monies until January 1, 1937 and “was to be payable beginning in 1942 to persons aged 65 and over who had paid Social Security taxes for at least 5 years. The benefit was to be withheld from an otherwise qualified person in