Piaget’s Equilibration Theory and the Young Gifted Child: A Balancing Act. This article discusses theories developed by Jean Piaget and how his theories can help create models for teaching young gifted children. “Although Piagetian theory focuses on universal child development, it can still illuminate important characteristics of intellectually gifted children whose abilities mark them as different” (Cohen, LeoNora, & Younghee, 1999, p. 201). These theories and notions can become building blocks for the developmental understanding of giftedness. Piaget’s developmental theory consisted of four stages, Sensorimotor stage (birth to age 2), preoperational stages (ages 2 to 7), concrete operational stages (ages 7 to 11), and formal operation stage (age 11 to adulthood).
Approach towards the theory of cognitive development was carryout by many others psychologist including lev vygotsky. The research of Piaget and vygotsky had a massive impact on education and also has assisted educators to discover the appropriate way of teaching children. In the essay I will compare and contrast the theories of jean piaget and lev vygotsky, then will evaluate the essay in understanding of child’s development by writing about the usefulness of both theories. Jean Piaget has been the most influential theorist in the field of cognitive development .According to Piaget child’s cognitive development occurs in four stages: Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations (Martin, Carlson, Buskist 2010 P. 508). As far as the theory has four stages, thus theory is called a Piaget stage theory.
Those are just two of many. Throughout researching, in the rest of the context written below, these answers will be revealed. Having insight into the understanding of human development, we are able to gain knowledge of humans from the very important stage of childhood right through till adulthood. The positives lye within us as a world being able to help and give a better life from childhood. We are able to teach and understand different ways of conceptual understanding, values, learning, responses, different behaviours and skills.
The child changes the original schema to fit the new piece of information. Piaget showed that young children think in very different ways compared to adults. According to Piaget, children are born with a very basic mental structure which is genetically inherited and evolved, on which all subsequent learning and knowledge is based. There are three basic components to Piagets Cognitive theory which are: 1 Schemas. The building blocks of knowledge 2 Processes that enable the transition from one stage to another (Equilibrium, assimilation and accommodation) 3 Stages of development (Sensory motor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational) Piaget believed that these stage are universal, i.e.
The articles used will explain how this test was developed and how, when administered correctly, it can identify the signs of early developmental delays in children. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale has been used for decades as a formal tool to diagnose learning disabilities in children. Since the time of its development in 1906, this test is still widely used among psychologist in both school and clinical settings. Its intended purpose is to answer the following questions: What is intelligence? How do we measure intelligence?
Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky each developed theories of child development which can be used in an educational setting. Jean Piaget, a Swiss epistemologist, was the most prominent in the field of cognitive psychology in his time and the most important contributor to the constructivist education theory. His theory of cognitive development was based on the notion that cognitive abilities, one’s ability to think, are developed as individuals mature physiologically and have opportunities to interact with their environment. He describes interactions as the equilibration of accommodation and assimilation. According to Piaget, individuals are endowed with cognitive dispositions and capabilities.
He was more interested in the theory of knowledge and took an interest in children and their reasoning. As a result he began to observe how children’s minds develop, hoping to discover the key to human knowledge. In his work, he identified the stages of mental growth in childhood development and theorized that all children progressed through stages of cognitive development. Piaget also discovered that children think and reason differently at various stages in their lives. Although he believed in four stages, only one is directly related to early childhood development and this is the sensorimotor stage.
There are many psychologists who have carried out research into early learning and the importance of play. John Piaget has carried out a massive amount of research into how children think and learn and has had a major influence on education in the western world. Piaget carried out research into play and divides play into three types: mastery play, symbolic play and play with rules. Between 0 and 2 children will take part in mastery play, this is very repetitive and involves the child trying to control their movements, for example learning to crawl or walk. Between 2 and 7 children will take part in symbolic play which involves children pretending to be
c) Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development, influence current practice. There are many theories that have been proposed to describe and explain the course of human development, some may be of the opinion that they are wrong but they are also right in many ways. Jean Piaget - cognitive Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development has four stages to it, the theory is about maturation (growing up) and the understanding a child has around them at different stages. Jean Piaget believed a child cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to do so. His theory relates to the points at which a child's thinking accelerates (18 months, 7 years and 11/12 years).
Furthermore, Vygotsky’s socioeconomic model is discussed, with emphasis on the role of language and the cognitive influence of parent-child tutoring interactions and more specifically scaffolding tutoring. Similarities and differences between the two central concepts are also a subject of discussion. Finally, some evidence for the impact of peer-to-peer relationships in toddlers is presented. Based on the existing literature the thesis of this essay is that intra and interpersonal processes are both influential when it comes to forming children’s social and cognitive skills. One of the fundamental theories in the field of social and cognitive development is that of the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980).