Describe the Type of Business, Purpose and Ownership of Two Contrasting Organisations.

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Task 1 P1 Describe the type of business, purpose and ownership of two contrasting organisations. In the first of a series of articles Helen Lyne looks at two contrasting business organisations that operate in the North West How different can two organisations be? The first business I will look at is Ford Motor Company .Ford is an international car manufacturing company that has been in business since 1903 and was founded in America by a man called Henry Ford, initially set up in Detroit. Ford soon became dominant in Americas manufacturing industry and at the time was one of America’s largest employers. With new efficient and cheap methods of production like the ‘production line’ Ford’s products (cars) became cheaper than anyone else’s and the Ford business soon came to Europe and other places around the globe. When Ford was first established it was as a partnership with a group of investors but in 1919 Ford and his family acquired full ownership making it a sole trader. The Ford Company grew and later acquired Jaguar, Land Rover, Aston Martin and Mazda. These companies were kept their own identity and were separate from Ford. They were just added to the Ford Empire and became another source profit making. In recent years due to financial struggles Ford was forced to sell off Aston Martin, Jaguar and Land Rover. Today Ford is still a dominant car manufacture and car retailer .Ford are located in the Merseyside region of Halewood, this plant concentrates on the new Land Rover Freelander. The Ford Halewood factory started in 1963 and was initially a £30 million factory originally intended to hire 9000 workers The reason Ford started this plant was because they were given incentives by the government in a bid to try to reduce unemployment. At its peak Halewood hired 14,500 people. The car manufacturing side of Ford, places it in the

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