Robert Kegan was born on 1946; the Harvard psychologist first described his theory on social maturity in his 1982 book, The Evolving Self. This book contains the theory of how people become more socially mature as they get older. Kegan’s theory of adult cognitive development contains some of the same principles as Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. When studying Kegan’s theory it is important to understand Piaget because as Mark Dombeck writes “the core ideas from Kegan's work are essentially Piaget's ideas which have been reworked, broadened and abstracted, and applied to the social realm” (Dombeck, 2007). As we move through developmental stages we become more subjective and less objective.
University of Phoenix Material Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet Part I: Origins of Psychology Within psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Describe the perspectives, using two to three sentences each. Select one major figure associated with one of the perspectives and describe his or her work in two to three sentences. Type your response in the space below.
According to Cherry (2013) “Informal assessments personality tend to focus more on individuals, personality psychologists instead use conceptions of personality that can apply to everyone.” Therefore research has been done to explain the how and why certain personality traits develop, (Cherry, 2013). Personality as most people think should endure throughout a person’s life; however sometimes in situation circumstances the personality can change over time. Define personality There is not one defining meaning to personality and psychologist differs among one another about the meaning of what is personality, (Feist &
Salovey and Mayer also initiated a research program intended to develop valid measures of emotional intelligence and to explore its significance. In doing the research for his first book, Daniel Goleman became aware of Salovey and Mayers work in the early 1990s. Being trained as a psychologist at Harvard, where he worked with David McClelland, Goleman wrote the popular bestseller "Emotional Intelligence" (1995), in which he offered the first ' proof' that
In essence this means that a person's perception of another person tends to be more stable and involved based on our instinctual analysis of a person's behavior. Kenny's ideas are consistent with Heider's earlier notions citing that due to the fact that people are so often changing whether in action, behavior, or demeanor, we accordingly seek out the stable factors in a person that aid us in predicting their personality as well as future behaviors and such (18). The prediction occuring in these moments is an example of trait inference, the basic assumption that a person's actions are based on their personality, and will therefore remain consistent and
Psychoanalytic and Trait Theories Shavon R. Gray University of Phoenix Author Note Week 2 Individual Assignment Abstract I will write a 1,050 to 1,400 word paper analyzing the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality. My paper will cover a comparison and contrasting the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, ad Adler. I will attempt to explain two characteristics of these theories in which I agree and disagree with. I will describe the stages of Freud’s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these components. I will also use at least three Freudian defense mechanism with real-life examples.
You can learn about the answers to these questions and more in this overview of personality. Theories of Personality: A number of different theories have emerged to explain different aspects of personality. Some theories focus on explaining how personality develops while others are concerned with individual differences in personality. The following are just a few of the major theories of personality proposed by different psychologists: Trait Theories * Gordon Allport's dispositional perspective * Hans Eysenck's three-trait model * Myers-Briggs Types * "Big Five" Personality Dimensions Psychoanalytic Theories: * Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development Freud's theory of psychosexual development is on of the best known personality theories, but also one of the most controversial. Learn more about the psychosexual stages of development.
Journal 1: Personality Theory A personality theory is a theory is an attempt to describe and explain how people are similar, how they are different, and why every individual is unique. (p.445) There are many personality theories but for the most part they are grouped into four basic perspectives: The Psychoanalytic Perspective: Freud’s theory of personality, which emphasizes unconscious determinants of behavior, sexual and aggressive instinctual drives, and the enduring effects of early childhood experiences on later personality development. (p.445) Humanistic Perspective: theoretical viewpoint on personality that generally emphasizes the inherent goodness of people, human potential, self-actualization, the self-concept, and healthy personality development. (p.459) Social Cognitive Perspective: Albert Bandura’s theory of personality, which emphasizes the importance of observational learning, conscious cognitive processes, social experiences, self-efficacy beliefs, and reciprocal determinism. (p.463) Trait Personality: trait theories of personality focus on identifying, describing, and measuring individual differences in behavioral predispositions.
History of Psychological Assessment Mandana Smith PSY/525 November 6, 2011 Christa Washington History of Psychological Assessment Assessments used in psychology have quite an extensive history within the discipline and mental health field. Roles of assessments continue to vary according to prevention and treatment methods used for mental illnesses. Assessments within the psychology field are described by separate spectrums that include the differential treatment, therapeutic, and information-gathering models (McIntire & Miller, 2007). Gathering information to determine a diagnosis and facilitation of communication are important. This model contains standard testing providing comparison of individuals with similar traits allowing prediction of behavior outside an environment of testing.
This essay will evaluate the effectiveness, reliability, and the strengths and weaknesses of two different personality tests. The Thematic Apperception Test (projective) and the Myer Briggs Type Indicator (objective). It will also asses when these test should and shouldn’t be used. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is a projective method of testing created by Christiana D. Morgan and Henry A. Murray (1934) intended to evaluate a person's attitudes towards themselves and others. Moreover, this technique of testing was often utilized on individuals applying for employment in fields that required a high level of ability in dealing with others.