Robert Kegan was born on 1946; the Harvard psychologist first described his theory on social maturity in his 1982 book, The Evolving Self. This book contains the theory of how people become more socially mature as they get older. Kegan’s theory of adult cognitive development contains some of the same principles as Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. When studying Kegan’s theory it is important to understand Piaget because as Mark Dombeck writes “the core ideas from Kegan's work are essentially Piaget's ideas which have been reworked, broadened and abstracted, and applied to the social realm” (Dombeck, 2007). As we move through developmental stages we become more subjective and less objective.
Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic and humanistic theories of personality: 1500 words. Personality can be defined as the steady behaviour patterns and intrapersonal processes originating within a person (Burger, 2011; 4). These include the thoughts, feelings, and actions of people. Personality psychologists however are engaged in a continuous and never-ending discussion of how to describe human personality in the most effective way (Burger, 2011; 4). As a result there are a variety of theories of personality which try to describe the cause and effect of the human personality.
Psychodynamic personality theories started with Sigmund Freud and his Id, Ego, and Superego theory (unconscious and conscious behavior) and today have come full circle with the validation of his basic assumptions of psychoanalytical theory. Sigmund Freud is the founder of psychodynamic approach to psychology (McLeod, 2007, p.1). The first theory of the psychodynamic approach was Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis theory. The approach of many psychologists collectively included theories based on Freud’s ideas. In essence, Freud’s theoretical foundation for the psychodynamic approach is referenced as the structural model (Marc F. Kern, 1996-2003).
In addition to my personal observations, I also identified areas for growth and areas of strength within my personality inclinations, and determined for myself my suitability for a career in the Counseling Profession. In the pages that follow, I discuss these results of my taking the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire. As early as the 18th century, various pseudoscientific techniques, such as phrenology and physiognomy, have been used in an attempt to identify underlying personality inclinations in individuals. In the 1940’s, Raymond Cattell and his colleagues took an empirical approach and conducted research that lead to the development of a multiple choice questionnaire to assess 16 primary factors of human personality, and though the 16PF Questionnaire has been revised multiple times since its inception, the 5th edition has been widely accepted as the standard for personality assessment. In an attempt to better understand myself, I have completed the 5th edition of the 16PF Questionnaire and made general observations
Running Head: PSYCHOANALYTICAL PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT Psychoanalytical Personality Assessment Upon the completion of the Jungian assessment test, I have discovered that my Jungian type is ISTJ. ISTJ is the acronym used in the Myers-Briggs publication and stands for Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, and Judgment. My Jungian assessment test results presented a 44% average liking of Introversion over Extraversion, a 25% average liking of Sensing over Intuition, a 1% marginal or no liking of Thinking over Feeling, and a 44% average liking of Judging over Perceiving. Introversion Introverts are motivated and stimulated when they are occupied with the thoughts, recollections, reactions, and images which are an element of their internal world. Introverts normally prefer spending time or reserved activities with one or two people with whom they sense a likeness and they often generate a laid-back effect on those around them.
Salovey and Mayer also initiated a research program intended to develop valid measures of emotional intelligence and to explore its significance. In doing the research for his first book, Daniel Goleman became aware of Salovey and Mayers work in the early 1990s. Being trained as a psychologist at Harvard, where he worked with David McClelland, Goleman wrote the popular bestseller "Emotional Intelligence" (1995), in which he offered the first ' proof' that
Personality Analysis Paper PSY 405 Tammy Poe September 28, 2011 Jerry Mote A large number of psychologist and philosophers have examined, tested, researched, and analyzed theories associated with behavior and personality. Theories of personalities provide the significant factors, influences affiliated with personality development as well as the ideas of traits; one’s culture, religion, beliefs, and factors such as disabilities, drugs, alcohol, and influences such as a parent, teacher, object needs or wants, and other affects related to personality. In this paper the subject to explain is the theoretical approaches of humanistic and existential theory, and the dispositional approach theory. The paper includes theoretical approaches, and the role of personality and behaviors. Including personality characteristics that contribute to these theories, along with the interpersonal relationship’s associated with the humanistic, existential, and dispositional theories.
Because personality can be defined in so many ways psychologists had to find a way to categorise and measure personality with individual differences in personality in mind. The most influential approach to dividing personality into categories was developed by Lewis. R. Goldberg in 1981 called the “Big Five” personality factors (Goldberg 1981). This divides personality into 5 dimensions; Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional stability and Intellect. This way we are able to tell which category a person fits in and at what scale.
Skinner's staunch behaviorism made him a dominating force in psychology and therapy techniques based on his theories are still used extensively today, including behavior modification and token economies. When people think of psychology, many tend to think of Sigmund Freud. His work supported the belief that not all mental illnesses have physiological causes and he also offered evidence that cultural differences have an impact on psychology and behavior. His work and writings contributed to our understanding of personality, clinical psychology, human development, and abnormal
Personality Reflection Thomas Colt March 14, 2011 PSY/250 HATTIE CARROLL-RATLIFF This paper will be discussing many different things about three well known psychologists Freud, Adlers and Jung. The first part I will compare what the three had in common and the differences between them and then I will also talk about a couple of characteristics of there theories that I agree with. The next part will be about describing the stages of Freud’s theory and I will also be explaining characteristics of personality using these components. The last part in this paper I will be describing the uses of at least three Freudian defense mechanisms with real-life examples. Psychoanalysis—Freud's innovative treatment method in which the patient is encouraged to speak freely about memories, associations, fantasies and dreams and which relies on Freud's theories of interpretation—was Freud's noble cause and, for a time, it was Alfred Adler's and Carl Jung's as well.