To understand more clearly the differences between the humanistic/existential and dispositional theories, the writer will compare and contrast them. In addition, the role of personality in affecting situational behavior will be described and the personality characteristics attributed to each theory will be examined. Finally, an explanation will be provided focusing on the interpersonal relational aspects that are related to each of the theories. The Role of Personality in Affecting Situational Behavior One’s personality can influence different kinds of behaviors and clearly plays a certain role in situational behavior. It has been always assumed that there is only one of his or her kind and one will most likely act differently from another, even if the situation is very similar.
After the accident it appeared that he had become someone completely different exhibiting behaviors that were opposite of his core personality. Contributions to Cognitive Psychology “I think therefore I am” this famous quote by Rene Descartes can easily sum up the human condition. However it raises the question “where does thought come from?” In the study of cognitive psychology the examination of the brain is essential to understanding how and where thought originates. Early on in the science of psychology two standard schools of thought prevailed, the holistic and the phrenology or the idea that cognitive capabilities are separated throughout the brain. Although both have something to offer neither can claim full victory over truth.
Introduction to Personality N/A University of Phoenix PSY/405 Theories of Personality Dr. Mark Schmitz August 19, 2012 Define Personality Personality can best be defined as a dynamic and organized set of characteristics that are possessed by a person’s uniquely influenced by cognitive emotions and behaviors in variable situations (Feist and Feist, 2009). The study of personality through psychology has a broad and varied history, offering several theories that are best described by how a person’s personality is developed through experiences, environment, and genetics. There is no consensus for a psychologist to define personality, but most researchers take on the role of theoretical psychology in terms that are best defined in the many theories that can be found in the study of personalities. A more philosophical approach is taken when a psychologist studies the theories of personality. However, the study of personality is based upon the essential knowledge that all people are the same, yet different in other ways.
Describe and evaluate the Humanistic Approach in psychology One assumption of the Humanistic approach is that every person has their own unique way of perceiving and understanding the world and that the things they do only make sense in this light. As other approaches take an objective view of people, Humanistic psychologists’ priority is to understand people’s subjectivity, asking ‘what is it like to be this person?’ As a result, they reject the objective scientific method as a way of studying people. Carl Rogers, founder of the humanistic approach created a therapy called client centred therapy. This treatment aims to uncover distortions and denials so the individual can gain insight into his/her true self. Client-centred therapy is based on the therapist giving the client unconditional positive regard, being genuine and honest, and empathising showing empathy.
Allstate provides their employees with a road map to succeed by executing the goal setting definitions. The employees were given tools and resources to become better. They have quarterly leadership measurements as well as the survey to get feedback from employees. Allstate focus on diversity, they see diversity as a strategy for leveraging differences in order to create a competitive advantage thus create four steps process to reach their effective goals. The first step which is the succession programming explains how Allstate identified and developed candidates for each key position.
This simply means that one’s theory of personality is based on his or her individual personality traits. This is due to the fact that the research a theorist collects to build his or her theory is a personal judgment call. That is that they pick what information to include or not to include in their research. These choices are made based on an individual’s environment, the way they were raised, experiences in life, and relationships they have with those around them (Feist & Feist, p. 7, 2009). There are four main groups of theories with each having a subfield.
I have contact with family members, regarding their family members care and professional bodies including Social workers, Doctors etc... My role involves preparing and maintaining care plans, of which of the most part is aimed at ensuring staff understand the very best communication method for each service user based on their individual needs, while also ensuring that their individual rights are met and giving support and guidance on how to achieve this. I have 2 notice boards on my unit that ensure that service users and visitors know what staff are on duty and their job role in the unit, and an activities board which is updated weekly by activity staff to let everyone know what will be happening everyday of the week, and these are written in a clear and easily read text so can be understood by al that reads it. I ensure confidentiality is met and maintained by attending appropriate training and ensuring staff attend and understand the implications of breaking confidentiality. 1.1 Explain the features of effective team performance. An effective team is enforced though positive leadership, and is something that develops over time.
I communicate with service users in order for them to make their own choices on a daily basis & to make their own choices in regards to their care. As a carer we have Daily life books that I fill out with regards to the service users I have attended to so that information is passed on & recorded for all carers. Explain how effective communication affects all aspects of working in adult social care settings. Having effective communication is essential in order for information is clear & accurate. Effective communication helps reduce mistakes being made & makes sure the right care is given to the right people/individual.
Self Concept – Who Am I Paper Jeanna Chavez Macilvaine Psy 400 April 7, 2014 Timothy Emerick, PhD. Carl Rogers (1961), a humanist, believed that human beings are always striving to fulfill their innate capacities and capabilities and to become everything that their genetic potential will allow them to become (Ciccarelli, 2006). An important tool in this development is the image of oneself, or self concept. Self concept is based on what people are told by others and how the sense of self is reflected in the words and actions of important people in one’s life such as parents, siblings, coworkers, friends, and teachers (Cicarelli, 2006). An individual looking at the world must decide on how
Personality can mean many things but collectively the definition according to Feist & Feist in 2006, “…a pattern of relatively permanent traits and unique characteristics that give both consistency and individuality to a person’s behavior” (Feist & Feist, 2006). It is hard to understand personality when no one can even agree about the true definition of personality so that is why we have to study it and assess the information that will help us understand what influences our own traits and characteristics. Quantifiable Human Nature The field of psychology is based on the basic ways in which humans will react through perceptions, position, and the point of views from of a lot of theorists. In the area of psychology according to Feist and Feist in 2009, “there are six dualistic dimensions on human nature and they are determinism versus free choice, pessimism versus optimism, causality versus teleology, conscious versus unconscious determinants of behavior, biological versus social influences, and finally uniqueness versus similarities” (Feist & Feist). First a thing where a human does anything willingly is called free choice.