This helps the individual to become aware of their behaviour and it teaches them appropriate ways of managing their own thoughts, without changing the situation itself. It is short term, as it brings faster results and is completed within a specific time period. CBT is problem focused and is structured, there is an agenda for each session, where the client is taught methods how they should behave in order to achieve their own goals. It focuses on the present and derived from experience or observation. CBT is collaborative and it is necessary to have a constructive and trusting relationship between the therapist and client.
Coping styles and the forms of psychopathology (depression and anxiety) have been found to be implicated in the measure of psychological mindedness (PM; Nyklicek, Poot, & Opstal, 2010; Nyklicek & Denollet, 2009). It is important to form a clear understanding in the manner of these relationships as they may contribute to psychological interventions and emotional insight (McCallum & Piper, 1990). Overall, PM is considered to be a valuable predictor of an individuals’ psychological wellbeing. PM is defined as a persons’ deliberate intent (interest) and ability (insight) to come to terms with and reflect upon their own psychological
And mentoring motivates its clients by sharing their own experiences to their client to help them improve their performance in the same field. It guides to be as successful as their mentor, or even more
The aim of this essay is to evaluate client-centered therapy as a technique used in counselling. This will be achieved by reviewing the application and limitations taking into account of groups, families, culture and gender. Rogers own unique approach to person-centered therapy, is understanding personality and human relationships. Rogers’ theory of nurturing relationships consisted of acceptance, caring, warmth and respect in order for change to take place (Wilkins, 2010). Conditions of worth depend on the model, unconditional positive regard of empathy, congruence and self-actualization.
He believed that people develop constructs as internal ideas of reality to help them understand the world around them and that the way the world is viewed is based on individual experiences, interpretations and observations. This essay will also look closely at the work from Hans Eysenck and Stanley Rachman on Trait Theory (1965) and Phillida Salmon (2003) who developed George Kelly’s Personal Construct Theory further by relating it to teaching. It will also discuss the interrogative themes of Power Relations, Situation Knowledge and Agency Structure. The strengths and weaknesses of both approaches will be critically compared along with looking at the contrasts of both hoping to offer an explanation to the above statement ‘The traits that we think we find in others represent our personal construction of them’ (Butt, 2012, p.53). Theories of personality were developed around a century ago in three different strands known as clinical, psychometric and experimental traditions, although all separate they seek to explain behaviour and the individual differences in the way people react to the same situation.
However, they differ in terms of their therapeutic approaches with the cognitive behavioural approach being highly systematic and scientific whereas the existential approach is less scientific. The focus of this essay is to compare and contrast the cognitive behavioural approach and the existential approach in psychopathology. The essay shall refer to Beck’s cognitive theory of depression and compare it with the existential approach. The existential approach is focused on the human need to seek and define meaning in life [Davison and Neale, 1978]. Coleman et al (1980)notes that the approach emphasise on our uniqueness as individuals in our quest for values, and meaning and in our freedom for self-direction and self-fulfillment.
Rehabilitation and reintegration programs are offered to effectively reinforce positive thoughts in youngsters’ minds and aid in returning them into society as a whole. For instance, the “Second Chance Program” works to assist young adults so that they have a wide range of outlooks in determining the consequences to their actions; youth are also required to acknowledge their accomplishments to rebuild their self-esteem. As quoted by an attendee of this program, “these programs help you by showing you how to do it instead of telling you, there is a difference.” From multiple perspectives, prevention programs referred to by the YCJA is a reasonable way to deal with young adulthood who come upon challenging circumstances with the law; Canada would also be labelled as a “better place” with less teenagers that get in
The approach helps by letting clients feel valued, they are able to learn to accept who they are and reconnect with their true selves, this focuses on the belief that we are all born with an innate ability for psychological growth and external circumstances allow us to do so. Person Centred Therapy operates according to three basic principles that reflect the attitude of the therapist to the client: 1. The therapist is congruent with the client – shows genuineness towards the client. 2. The therapist provides the client with unconditional positive regard – having deep and genuine caring for the client.
Reflective practice is essential to personal development and the goals and targets put in place at performance reviews can help to focus you and give you a renewed sense of ability to succeed and achieve. If needs have been identified then additional training can be arranged to help you become more effective in your role and improve your confidence. When considering reflective practice you need to be open to ideas and criticisms of others. Your should reflect on your own work and the work of others around you. You need to be constantly thinking of ways to develop and improve your practice and be able to
My Understanding of Counselling After undertaking my studies in counselling skills I have gained a basic understanding in the broad psychosocial arena. I have learned that counselling is defined as a set of psychological techniques intended to improve mental health, emotional or behavioural issues in individuals (who on a formal basis, would be called ‘clients’). These deleterious issues often make it hard for people to manage their lives and achieve their goals. Counselling (or the more professional term, Psychotherapy) is aimed at easing these problems, and attempts to solve them via the application of varying approaches - Merely being a listening ear for someone and their issues can often allow them to gain a clearer insight into the truth of their internal grievance, and so self-actualize a newfound clarity of awareness.Before counselling therapy can take place, the counsellor must deal with their own feelings as this will in turn help their ability to listen, to respond, and the enhance quality of attention given to the client. This attention will radiate reassurances for the client.