Unit 2 Counselling Skills Relationship

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UNIT 02: THEORY ESSAY There are several theoretical approaches to counselling, I will explain the key characteristics and concepts of the Humanistic theory, Psychodynamic theory and Cognitive-behavioural theory. I shall then summarise the key strengths and limitations of these main approaches. I will then explain the concept of the integrative model, followed by assessing the advantages and disadvantages of the integrative model. Finally I will explain the role of theory in relation to helping relationships. CBT is a combination of cognitive therapy, which examines unwanted thoughts, beliefs and cognitive processes and behavioural therapy which looks at the behaviour in response to those thoughts. An easier way to understand CBT is what you think determines what you feel, what you feel determines how you behave. Cognitive therapy was developed by Aaron Beck in the early 1960s. CBT uses homework therefore is educational to support individual sessions. This helps the individual to become aware of their behaviour and it teaches them appropriate ways of managing their own thoughts, without changing the situation itself. It is short term, as it brings faster results and is completed within a specific time period. CBT is problem focused and is structured, there is an agenda for each session, where the client is taught methods how they should behave in order to achieve their own goals. It focuses on the present and derived from experience or observation. CBT is collaborative and it is necessary to have a constructive and trusting relationship between the therapist and client. As most behavioural responses are learned, the therapist has an active role to help the client get rid of these reactions and learn new and productive forms. CBT is based on the theory that a client’s thoughts determine their emotions and behaviour. This is a benefit as it allows them to

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