Ccgps (Georgia) High School World History Unit 4 Study Guide

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1. Sarah and Angelina Grimke grew up in South Carolina on a slave plantation, and as they got older rejected the southern lifestyle and moved up north to advocate for the abolitionist movement and women’s rights. 2. The Nullification Crisis occurred in 1828 after The Tariff of Abominations put a tariff on imported goods; South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union. The tariff benefited the north but hurt the south. 3. The nullification crisis of 1832 was resolved by a proclamation from then President Andrew Jackson to the state of South Carolina denying them the right to nullify a standing federal law. 4. The Cotton Gin was the first machine that separated the actual cotton from the cotton seeds of the plant. Cotton production greatly increased in the south. 5. The Compromise of 1850 ended the Mexican-American War. 6. The Compromise of 1850 called for California to enter the Union as a free state, had the people in New Mexico and Utah decide if they wanted slavery in their state, had the slave trade abolished in Washington D.C., and passed the Fugitive Slave Act. 7. The primary causes of the Mexican-American War were manifest destiny, westward expansion, economics, and slavery. 8. It took Texas almost ten years to become a state because at first it was owned by Mexico, then it wanted to become an independent country. 9. Mexico had felt that The U.S had taken Mexican land because Mexico didn’t recognize Texas’ independence. 10. The Underground Railroad was an underground system that helped slaves escape from the south into the North as a freed American. Harriet Tubman helped man the Underground Railroad. 11. South Carolina threatened to secede because of the aftermath of the Tariff of Abominations; it shrunk English demand for southern raw cotton and increased the final cost of finished goods to American buyers. 12. The Northern population grew
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