The term race is usually referred as a way to categorize people based on their cultures and physical traits. Racism is the belief that humanity is divided into stratified genetically different socks called races; according to its adherent’s racial differences make one group superior to another. Throughout history, for hundreds of years, the Black race has been considered inferior to Caucasians. African Americans had to go through slavery, segregation, and racial comments of hatred; and they are still fighting for equality. That was in the 1800s and 1900s, and yet in 2009 Black people still have to face the discrimination.
In the 1840s and '50s, the party was in conflict over extending slavery to the Western territories. Southern Democrats insisted on protecting slavery in all the territories while many Northern Democrats resisted. The party split over the slavery issue in 1860 at its Presidential convention in Charleston, South Carolina. The Gilded Age politics, called the Third Party System, was characterized by intense competition between the two parties, with minor parties coming and going, especially on issues of concern to prohibitionists, labor unions and farmers. The Emancipation Proclamation issued on 1863 may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding The Jim Crow laws were racial segregation laws enacted after the Reconstruction period in Southern United States, at state and local levels, and which continued in force until 1965, which mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a "separate but equal" status for African Americans.
History Practice Controlled Assessment: ‘To what extent has the contribution of Martin Luther King to the advancement of black Americans between 1954 and 1968 been exaggerated?’ On 6th December 1865, the 13th amendment to the American Constitution was passes, leading to the abolition of slavery. However whilst slavery was abolished, the black people of America still faced harsh racism and had very little rights. During the period of 1954-1968, many people were campaigning for an advancement of black Americans. These people wanted equal civil rights for blacks as white Americans had. One such person was Martin Luther King.
Sectionalism in the United States has been an inevitable reality that we have dealt with since the start of the nation. Sectionalism is defined as an excessive concern for the interests of one group or area to the detriment of the whole. There are countless issues that have divided the country and cause unrest between the citizens of the United States. The three that I have chose to explain are The Dred Scott v. Sandford Case, The Nullification Crisis and The Second Bank of America. Dred Scott was an African slave who had lived in states and territories where slavery was illegal, including Illinois and Wisconsin.
88 tracts had at least 1% African American population, and only 4 were above 50%, with none being above 61%. Spear also describes how African Americans were discriminated against during the turn of the 20th century. He tells of how real estate agents were often told by whites in a neighborhood to not sell to African Americans. If African Americans were already living in a ‘white neighborhood’, whites often attempted to band together and buy out the African Americans, and if that failed, they sometimes resorted to intimidation. It was also very difficult for an African American to get a job as anything but an unskilled laborer.
Hip Hop was conceived in the late 1970’s with artist such as The Sugar Hill Gang and the Fabulous Five. Back then, the idea behind creating this music was to express the struggles and culture of the urban individual, particularly African Americans. In addition, the music was about having a good time and this idea was clearly expressed in the lyrics of the day. Nevertheless by the late 1980’s as the popularity of Hip Hop approached its height, artists began to earn income that was unprecedented in the music industry. Many African Americans and people of color were not privy to such high incomes at the time.
After the emancipation of slavery in the 1800’s, African Americans have struggled to be treated with the same equal rights as Europeans. Even with the laws that were pasted to protect African Americans there were states that ignored and created new laws to overturn the laws to protect African Americans. The ignorant of Europeans who denied African Americans the equal rights the laws stated they deserved. African Americans decided to stand up for themselves by developing non violent protest movement to fight for the equal rights of African Americans. ("Civil Rights Movement") Martin Luther King Jr. became the leader of the non violent protest movement in the 1950’s.The development of Martin Luther King Jr. in this era started when an African American woman named Rosa Parks, who refused to give up her seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama.
Racism In the Judicial System Is there racism in our judicial system? Racism in the American court system dates back centuries ago, way back to 1857 for the famous Dredd Scott v Sandford. The Dredd Scott case was about a freed slave who had a temporary home in the state of Illinois which was a free territory. Even though Mr. Scott was a freed slave that still did not grant him citizenship in the United States. Chief Justice Taney held a strong disposition towards blacks and wanted to do everything in his power to ensure that they didn’t become citizens under that Constitution.
Although each of them had their own perspectives, their main objective was the same. Reparations in this society can be defined by stating that the U.S. government needs to make a formal apology to blacks for the damage caused by the transatlantic slave trade due to social and economic consequences in the United States. Advocates also feel the U.S. government owes the black people. Blacks remain behind due to many things, the most important being slavery. The Constitution, until recently, did not apply to blacks; blacks feel they deserve payments from 310 years of slavery, destruction to their minds and culture.
Forms of double jeopardy are aimed at African Americans. One great example is when African American felons who have served time, completed probation and parole sentences, and paid full restitution are banned from voting for a lifetime. This practice punishes the offender twice, once by serving a sentence of various sorts and then by losing voting privileges. African American women also face a type of double jeopardy in corporate America because they are a double minority. After shattering corporate American’s glass ceilings barring women from advancing, African American women are subjected to yet another glass ceiling because of race.