These two models are proposed for measurement the victim’s recuperation and adaptive behavior (HI, E.1978). Client-centered approach and existential interventions are design to reduce and minimize symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and reduce psychological distress. Rape trauma is also targeted by these therapies through counseling. It is the goal to explain how these two approaches can change and improve the client’s life. Also, the goal is to help to understand which approach might suit best the client depending on their needs and specific situations.
Clinicians have a much better outcome at the combination of the three. Psychoeducation/skill building Psychoeducation is accessing and learning strategies to deal with mental illness and it symptoms. It involves educating a client about their problem, what treatment options are available, and how to know when the client is involved in high risk
The therapeutic process Goals are of fundamental importance in behavior therapy. They aim at increasing personal choice and learning behavior. The first step in the therapeutic process is to look for target behaviours that need change. This can be achieved through a formal assessment. Behavioural analysis is conducted in order to identify the situational antecedents, the problem behavior and its consequences – the ABC model (Corey, 2009).
However, this also means that the patients will have to show more of the desired behaviour in order to receive the reward. The desired behaviours are asses by the staff that work with the patients on the wards and they decide whether or not, if the patient deserves a reward, or has shown the correct behaviour to be eligible to get that token. Staff may also take away tokens if they wish to punish certain behaviours. As a result of this, there should be an increase in the desired behaviour in those who have the mental disorders. The effectiveness of the TEPs have been shown by many psychologist such as Zimbardo who used long term inpatients and saw that there was an increase in the targeted behaviours in the institution, however, the improvements disappeared after the patient was discharged which shows that TEPs may not be as effective when treating patients when they come out of institutions such as hospitals.
A counselor needs to be able to correctly evaluate the current stage of a client in order to appropriately intervene. Resistance will vary in intensity at different stages in an addict’s treatment, which means that a counselor will need to intervene differently at each stage. Resistance can be very strong during the pre-contemplative stage for example. During this
The purpose of this essay is to reflect and critically study an incident from a clinical setting whilst using a model of reflection. This will allow me to analyse and make sense of the incident and draw conclusions relating to personal learning outcomes. The significance of critical analysis and critical incidents will briefly be discussed followed by the process of reflection using the chosen model. The incident will then be described and analysed and the people involved introduced. (The names of the people involved have been changed to protect their privacy) and then I will examine issues raised in light of the recent literature relating to the incident.
Acute Stress Response Cheryl Welch Liberty University Abstract The purpose of this paper is to define and explain the acute stress response and acute stress disorder. Clarify the differences between the two conditions and offer review of treatments and symptoms associated with both. Therapies and interventions are reviewed and explored for effectiveness in resolving symptoms and preventing post-traumatic stress disorder. The acute stress response (ASR) refers to psychological and physiological responses to stressful events. These responses are displayed by emotional, cognitive, and behavioral changes.
PHILOSOPHICAL PRINCIPLES & KEY CONCEPTS Aaron T. Beck developed his approach known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy as a result of his work and observations with depressed clients. C.B.T. is based on fundamental assumptions that our thoughts can and do determine how we feel and behave in relation to events in our everyday lives and our environment. Beck contends that psychological problems or dysfunctional behaviour can occur as a result of faulty or distorted thinking and through engaging and employing C.B.T. techniques we can change or modify the way we think, to cause us to feel and act better even if our external situations and events do not change.
This view point stems from discoveries revealed from training and work history. Having knowledge and experience helps the counselor evaluate theories as they are use in treatment with clients. Washton (n.d.), “….This approach integrates psychotherapeutic and coping skills-training techniques with abstinence-based addiction counseling. The primary goals of treatment are to enhance and sustain patient motivation for change, establish and maintain abstinence from all psychoactive drugs…” (Approaches to Drug Abuse Counseling ). These theories assist counselors in communicating plans coherently of treatment goals for clients.
The focus of the evaluation is to determine the congruence of the session with the existential model, to analyse the effectiveness of the interventions used and to establish how the approach aids in the therapeutic relationship between client and counsellor. Existential therapy has been considered to be on the opposite end of the spectrum to more clinically proven approaches such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (Helminiak, Hoffman, and Dodson, 2012). The approach focuses on the client's lived experience and encourages client's to make meaning and interpretations that enable them to live authentically with their perceived world view (Cooper, 2003). In contrast, other approaches such as cognitive-behavioural therapy focus more on relieving symptoms for clients and changing unconventional behaviours (Beck, 2011). R.D Laing is well known for having been influenced by existential philosophy in his practise, and has