Carl Rogers Essay

1144 WordsDec 30, 20115 Pages
Carl Rogers’ Person Centred Approach Carl Rogers was among the most significant American psychologists who are remembered for having been one of the cofounders of the humanistic dimension of psychology. As one of the pioneers in the field of psychotherapy, he came up with the person-centred theory of self-actualization as a way of understanding the nature of personality and human relationships. What does the term ‘humanistic’ mean? Free will, individualism, identifies basic goodness. Humanistic is a theoretical orientation that emphasises the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth. This mean puts people and self-awareness at the centre of consideration and argues that they are capable of free choices, self-fulfilment and ethical behaviour so this can determine the course of their life and free will. Why is this approach known as an optimistic approach? This approach is known as optimistic approach because it belief that individuals have the capacity to use their experiences and recourses to move forward and grow. Comment on the idea that the client knows what is hurting and the best way forward for them? This is the central truth as it is the task of the counsellor is to be kind of companion and who can relate to the client in such a way that he or she can access their own wisdom and recover self-direction. What is self-actualisation? Rogers tended to agree with Maslow's theory, self- actualisation is the desire for self-fulfilment, namely the tendency for him [the individual] to become actualized in what he is potentially but added some twists of his own. Self-actualization to Rogers was an inborn drive to grow and develop to our highest level of human beingness; self-actualization is unique for each person because we all have different traits and talents. He believed that all people were inherently

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