With the rise in the professional politician many prefer to remain loyal in order to gain power and move up in the hierarchy as opposed to become a rebel who remains in the back benchers. This can be seen after the vote on tuition fees and the liberal democrats. Despite the fact that they had campaigned for this cause endlessly only 26 (including a few Conservatives) chose to vote against the bill. Whips play an important part in removing efficiency from Parliament. By having whips who ensure that MPs behave in accordance to the decisions of the executive both Parliaments ability to scrutinise and hold the executive to account is diminished, but also their role as representatives of their individual constituency is also compromised.
The Uk judiciary has different methods that provide the protection of civil liberties within britain. However, there are also different drawbacks that make these protections difficult in the face of parliamentay pressure. The European convention on Human Rights Act 1998 has effectivley provided a stable document that reassures and states the rights of all citizens over Britain. Since this act has been passed, judges have been able to rule and make more effective decisions. This is because this act has persuaded judges to rule more confidentally rather than having to follow instructions of the common law e.g precedents.
Pressure groups are mostly seen to be a major part of how democracy functions in the UK, however whether they undermine democracy is a question that has always been raised. They are mostly seen as to help democracy rather than hinder it however, as they help to represent the opinions and needs of minorities, as well as give an extra platform for participation. One of the ways in which pressure groups can undermine democracy is that they concentrate power,meaning some groups are able to influence the government more than others. These types of groups are ones such as the BMA and BDA, wealthy insider groups which a close and established relationship with the government and have direct access to decision makers, allowing them to influence policies
I will be arguing that the achievement of the Attlee Government were remarkable. The sources which I’ll be using show the impact that the Attlee Government had on Britain. From my own knowledge and also the sources, I can show that the achievements of Attlee Government were remarkable as it helped the people of Britain live much better lives. On the contrary it can also show that the achievements weren’t remarkable as it had created many problems for the country. Source 4 is suggesting that since the Attlee government had come into power sorted out many problems in Britain.
This increases the respect for the USA and builds up their friendship, but at the same time, it may also keep these developing countries in debt to the USA keeping the USA in power as they cannot be economically challenged. The USA is also part of many IGOs such as NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation), and UNWTO (United Nations World Tourism Organisation). This also increases the influence around the world keeping them in power as NATO offers military protection to any country part of it and the USA are known for their large military and they also have the largest military expenditure at a total of $1,738 billion. The second map of Figure 3 shows the countries of the world such as Russia, China, India, Australia and Canada which have a McDonalds, a massive global TNC along with Starbucks, Coca-Cola, KFC and Nike. The USA are making money all around the world as well as improving the economies of all of these countries as it provides millions upon millions of jobs and also improves infrastructure for factories.
Although British had the victorious win, fighting this war was very expensive. The British wished to cover the cost of the war. The British believed that as they had made America secure and safe, the Americans should bear some of the costs of achieving this security. As a result of this, they enforced Navigation Act and the costs associated with the two new taxes led to protests. A newly-formed Stamp Act Congress formed by delegates from nine colonies objected the British ideas based on the principle of “no taxation without representation.” This was the
The wider use of QMV was said to have a positive significance by Tony Blair because of this, the former Prime Minister said that regarding the QMV system, “much more often works to Britain’s advantage, as it is possible to outvote countries that are protecting special interests”, showing that QMV is significant in removing the national veto, and allowing decisions on certain issues to be passed even with opposition from multiple countries. Another significant factor of the QMV process is the over-representation of the smaller nations, for example Malta has a population of around 413,000 and 3 votes with QMV, whereas although Germany has a population of 82 million it only has 29
In this essay, I will show that democratic peace theory which state that liberal democracies do not go to war against each another provide reasonable arguments in promoting democracy to nondemocratic states. Democratic proponents emphasize that the shared norm between liberal states is one of the factor that ensure peace among them. Besides that, citizens play a major role in declaring war by liberal democracies which result in a lower frequency of wars between the nations. Next, declaring war is complex and democratic leaders will not opt for it unless inevitable. Firstly, democratic peace is able to promote greater stability in the world as a result of the shared norms between liberal democracies.
This would encourage public involvement in politics and act as an improvement to our democratic society. If people know their rights and freedoms and understand how the government works it would dissolve the problem of political ignorance and apathy. This argument shows that a codified constitution is of greater benefit than an uncodified constitution because it will lessen political apathy, however, one could argue, how much better of an understanding would the public have of politics if the constitution was codified than if it was uncodified? Our basic rights and freedoms are common knowledge, and our human rights are codified as they are part of the EU which has a written constitution. Manifesto’s for political parties, such as Labour, are also written and campaign projects clearly set out
Along with its imperialist history, the term “British Nation” has become fairly controversial. Whereas the colonisations have considerably enriched the United Kingdom, they also brought numerous different cultures on the British soil. That made Britain a welcoming and cheerful land, which nowadays praises its multiculturalism. At least, that is how Britain likes to be considered. Nevertheless, following the terrorist attacks perpetrated on the day after London’s victory for hosting the Games, multiculturalism faced its limits.