The main focus of liberalism is liberty and freedom, there are two types of liberalism classical and new liberalism, this therefore determines the type of liberty they want to achieve. Firstly liberals have a fear that some potential consequences of government such as no legitimate authority, the tendency for power to become concentrated in too few hands and the democratic systems may simply become the tyranny of the majority. Through this fear they offer a solution through the liberal constitution, it defines the right of citizens which could be a safeguard against encroachments by governments, distributes power among different institutions of government to prevent the concentration of power. These are only a few of many. By combining the doctrines of government by consent and constitutionalism, modern liberals have found a way of reconciling effective government with the right and freedoms of both the individual and intermediate groups.
For Woodrow Wilson, only a democratic republic could be a genuine nation-state. Wilson also argued that the nation-state is capable of upholding peace and international order because nation-states would naturally respect the sovereignty of their neighbours. Furthermore, conflict would cause disorder within, so there is an inward motivation as well. This belief in the natural peacefulness of nation-states leads liberal nationalists to the belief that internationalism and nationalism are compatible concepts. Internationalism is the theory or practice of politics based on global cooperation.
Do you think globalization has furthered the neo-Kantian idea of “democratic peace”? Kant and the liberal-Internationalists[i] described an IR system where states that became liberal democracies would not attack each other due to their shared ideals and the interdependence of their economies through international trade and investment. This theory appears to have been largely confirmed when we evaluate the peace that has prevailed between liberal democracies (not necessarily all democracies) since there emergence over the last 200 years. The other side of Kant’s thesis, that the peace only holds between liberals and not between liberal and non-liberal states is also borne out by recent history. In fact, we will see, globalization may actually be increasing the potential for conflict between liberal and non-liberal states by increasing the root causes of conflict namely inequality, poverty and injustice[ii].
“We want a peace which will be just, but not vindictive. We want a stern peace because the occasion demands it, but severity must be designed, not for vengeance but for justice. Above all we want to protect the future against a repetition of the horrors of this war”. Woodrow Wilson’s aims were seen as building a better and more peaceful world from the ruins of the Great War. Wilson believed the treaty of Versailles should punish Germany but not so harshly that it would someday recover and seek revenge.
Whereas, for Republicans this is federal government spending which should be reduced and that people should be self-sufficient and shouldn’t rely on the government. Some senators have taken this to the extent there considering holding a repeal vote. This is clearly a difference in opinion that is deeply rooted in their respective ideologies. Another issue is gun control and again this has deep roots in the parties’ ideologies. Republicans have a firm belief in the written constitution and believe that its contents should be taken literally.
With the foundation of a federal government, that government can regulate and maintain both domestic and international trade without individual state interference, therefore making the United States one of the most important trading countries in the western world. This is only one possible explanation, another might be that they honestly did purely want to build a government for the people of the United States and by the people, which is supported by Paul Johnson’s writings. Other debates between intentions lie behind the injection of United States into the Vietnam conflict. Some historians say that the reason for our entrance into the conflict was to protect democracy and stop the spread of communism. Others say that the U.S. involvement wasn’t to protect democracy but to protect our economic interests in the nearby South Pacific and Middle East.
To alleviate hard times, he backed existing legislation that called for the nation's return to the gold standard in 1879. To eliminate political corruption, he advocated a nonpartisan reformed civil service, observing that "he serves his party best who serves his country best." To conciliate the South, Hayes said it should have local self government, but that those governments must obey the entire Constitution, including the Reconstruction amendments. Perhaps because Hayes, along with his comrade in arms William McKinley, had more combat experience than other Presidents, he wished to arbitrate disputes with other nations. He also congratulated the American people for the peaceful resolution of the recent disputed
Hamilton says that it is very rare to find a judge who is not scared of the two other branches but still supports the people and their rights so they must find a way to entice the judge from private law practice into federal law practice. Thus, they put this point into Federalist No.78 in order to entice these judges by saying that this is a lifetime position with honor and prestige. Marshall likes this idea because then the Supreme Court will be able to have justices in future generations and maintain the checks and balances in the federal branch. He also likes this idea because then the Court can do judicial review because then there will be justices to review the laws of Congress and the states as well as the actions of the President. Hamilton says that having Supreme Court justices for life is good for a variety of reasons.
Palin doesn't believe that we should pull out of Iraq until their government can properly handle the Iraqi people. We will Know to pull out when our commanders on the ground tell us that the proper conditions have been met. Obviously we know how to govern their country much better than they do, even though their culture, religion, and way of life are completely different than ours. Our democracy is the best system of government in the world and countries like Iraq are fortunate to have people like us come in and do our part to better unify the
The courts should demonstrate fidelity to the United States Constitution. We believe the judicial system is the base of ruling the law. Liberals believe the necessary steps when a crime is committed include first to protect the victims’ rights, end probation, get tough on real crime, protect the right of self-defense, and lastly to address the root causes of crime. However, democrats are committed to many other things. A few ways include protecting voting rights, prohibiting discrimination based on sex (which republicans do not agree with), repealing the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” method, ensuring civil rights, ending racial and religious discrimination, and having a fair and equitable criminal justice system.