Yet, peaceful protests alone could not have achieved such success; factors such as federal intervention played a vital role in the achievement of success also. One example of how peaceful protest led to success in the name of civil rights was the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Starting in 1955 and lasting a whole year it drew attention to the inequalities in Montgomery. This campaign demonstrates the growth of Martin Luther King who represented peaceful protests as a whole, with his famous peaceful philosophy and clever tactics; one of these being creating elaborate protests to draw attention to the issues faced by blacks. The boycott bought 85% of the black community in Montgomery together and led to the establishment of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) by King which continued to campaign for desegregation.
Montgomery Bus Boycott: Factfile Intro The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a refusal of many black Americans to use the Montgomery State bus service because it was segregating the seats. Many political figures led the boycott including Martin Luther King. Eventually, a year after a year of dispute and violence the Supreme Court ruled that the bus service could not use segregation laws. This was the first pivotal event that enabled coloured Americans to pursue freedom and justice through the Civil Rights Movement. Key Features The official start of the boycott was on December 1st 1955.
The first attempt to integrate Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas in September 1957 played an extremely important part in the black civil rights movement in America. Some of the causes of this were: Generational Racism The 1954 Supreme Court decision to integrate schools throughout America Eisenhower's little faith in supporting the black community in the south because it may make it worse. The first cause I will discuss with the Little Rock crisis was generational racism, that is racism from parent to child from when blacks were slaves. The consequences of this was the mind set that was in a fair amount of white citizens of Arkansas (racism). The families of the white students would not let this happen, and may have decided
Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 segregation in the United States was commonly practiced in many southern states. African Americans were discriminated against repeatedly in the south and laws did nothing to protect them. The segregation in the time was supposed to be “separate but equal” but it was hardly close to that. The federal v. state controversy affected many people in the 1960’s because no one wanted to integrate. The struggle of federal v. state is affecting the world today with gun control just as it affected the 1960’s with segregation and integration.
Kayla Daniels March 3rd, 2011 In America segregation in schools used to be the normal way of life to the whites but for blacks it was unfair and they wanted dramatic change. In the year of 1962 in the city of New Rochelle, the superintendent and the New Rochelle Board of Education faced a class action by eleven African American students; stating that they were gerrymandering the elementary schools in the district in order to make a school with only black students "Lincoln Elementary". Prior to the civil rights movement many African Americans never stood up for their rights until now. Racism plays a key role for the outcome of why these schools no longer exist. Without protests, riots and many other strong
The Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 showed that peaceful protests could be effective. In Montgomery, Alabama, buses were segregated, and the NAACP member Rosa Parks one day refused to give up her seat, and was taken to court for her actions. Eventually after a mass boycott of the busses, the Supreme Court ruled that the busses in Montgomery were to be de-segregated. This peaceful boycott shows that the peaceful protest method could be effective in gaining the results that civil rights movement wanted. Moreover such events such as the Freedom Rides, these were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961.
This issue exposed deep hatred some whites had against blacks, and how far they would go in support of their racist policy. As the New York Time’s article “Meredith Rebuffed Again,” by Claude Sitton reported, “There was every indication of widespread popular support throughout Mississippi for Governor Barnett, who has pledged to go to jail rather than permit desegregation of the university”(Sitton). When Meredith went to the university to register, large hostile crowds formed to show their support for the Governor and their
This was because they wanted to be able to travel on public transport without having segregated facilities. The black Americans used white –only facilities to challenge the law. The freedom riders were attacked by white mobs and beaten with bicycles chains, clubs and baseball bats. There was very little police protection for the freedom riders. The campaign gained a lot of media coverage and did a huge amount to raise awareness of how black Americans were treated in the southern states this was very effective because having a lot of people know how black people were treated would change their opinion on black people and also put pressure on the government because he couldn’t side with the whites who were abusive and blacks who were performing non-violent protest as well as having to stay government with all the
Sports began to take notice and started its own desegregation as well. A major case came through the courts desegregating schools. The Jim Crowe laws began to fall apart due to Brown v. Board. Schools were obviously not of equal quality which was the basis for segregation to be able to thrive for so long. Violence continued between the races but African American stood their ground.
With charismatic and intelligent spokesmen such as Martin Luther King, the Civil Rights campaigners had brought the plight of black Americans to the attention of the whole world. The federal government had been forced to respond and the legislation of the nation had been changed to address the inequality and oppression experienced by millions of black citizens. For many black Americans, and also many sympathetic white Americans, the hope was that the USA was entering a new age of equality and meaningful civil rights for all citizens. By the mid 1960s, however, many black Americans were becoming disillusioned. Many Southern states continued to harass and persecute blacks regardless of the new legislation.