INTRODUCTION: Before 1945, the white attitude to blacks was very different to how it is today. A lot needed changing, and it took a large amount of protests and court cases to do so. For example, blacks had no say in elections, and this was enforced with the grandfather clause (where they had to prove that men of two generations before them had been eligible to vote, which they couldn’t) or the literacy clause (where they had to prove they could read and write, which most of them couldn’t). Discrimination in education and employment had led to social deprivation, and many blacks in the North were living in ghettos. PUBLIC OPINION: During the war, black Americans did not approve of the slogan of the war that focused on equality and liberty, as to them it seemed hypocritical, because all they received was discrimination.
Additionally in 1951 another use of direct tactic, took place in Alexandra. Protesting at the fact that the local black schools would close during the cotton harvest so that black children could work in fields. Direct action had mixed results, it was insignificant due Cores Journey of Reconciliation as it failed to get the south to desegregated their busses. As a social status black Americans had not improved in their position. however it could been seen as significant as it did bring segregation within public amenities to agender; also linking legal campaigns with nonviolent protests.
However, state government was also a major obstacle in achieving the vote for African Americans. This is because many states were unwilling to grant blacks the vote and so various means were used to prevent this from happening. For example South Carolina refused to prosecute members of the KKK, allowing the anti-civil rights group to terrorize African Americans, stopping them from voting through fear. ‘Black codes’ varied from state to state and were used to prevent blacks from voting or serving on juries. Most states also enforced voting qualifications such a literacy tests and a tax,
Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Right Acts of 1965 guaranteeing basic civil rights for all Americans, regardless of race, after a decade of non-violent protests and marches. Throughout the novel, there were many different means of non-violent protests. The black community were taking a different approach to the racism unlike the white people who were very violent and abusive. The black people wanted to be free from the segregation and would do anything to escape it, if they had of fought back matters may have been made worse and their lives would have been made even more unbearable. One of the forms of non-violent protests was Boycotts.
This was during a time when Blacks did not yet have the right to vote, and people’s argument for why they did not was because they were uninterested and illiterate. This fake election that was held definitely showed they were more than capable and should be given the right to vote. The election exemplified the Black Power Movement that we learned about in class. It was an attempt to change political policy to include Black people and their
When the superintendent gets word that lawyers and the NAACP are coming to represent the school, the district gets scared and tries to talk them out of it. Many of the children that attend school have parents that work for the farm owners in the community. They threaten the parents and fire them from their jobs in order to deter them from supporting the lawsuit against them. The school district tries to persuade the court by telling them that they were planning on renovating the school and making it equal to that of the white kids school, but that it would take time to make the necessary changes. The case ended up being seen by the US supreme court when they found in favor of the plaintiff’s that the school district could not maintain its separate but equal standard and racially segregate the school districts.
During the listening comprehension course, there has been one topic which, I think, prevailed – the problem of race. It goes without saying that America has always been a very conservative country; however, it is very surprising that a nation made up of people with various cultural and racial backgrounds used to have such a hostile attitude towards black people. The social and cultural revolution began to sparkle in the 1950's, when Rosa Parks refused to sit at the very back of a bus, the only seat she could occupy. The blacks started fighting racial discrimination exemplified, for example, by universities which allowed only white students. Black people had little possibility of gaining a satisfying level of education, they were discriminated
Though this is true Black people are still fighting for equality today. As a result of the court ruling of Brown’s v. Board of Education the governor of Little Rock Arkansas Orval Faubus declared he could not enforce order in his state if he had to desegregate his schools. Therefore he disobeyed the Supreme Court ruling. He placed national guards at Central High School in Little Rock Arkansas and instructed them to turn away the nine African American students who were supposed to attend school that
Back in M.L.K’s time they did not have equal opportunities as whites. They did not have the right to vote until the 15th amendment was passed and it only gave black men that right. A lot has changed since M.L.K has been around. When Martin was going to school whites and blacks had to go to different schools. They were supposed to be equal but his school had windows covered with wood, while whites had glass windows.
The movement helped to end segregation in the South, and affected the ability for African Americans to vote. Before the movement the courts didn’t enforce the 14th and 15th amendment and blacks were separated by Jim Crow laws. Also blacks were unable to vote due to poll taxes, literacy tests, and violence by groups like the Ku Klux Klan. The civil rights movement changed the laws and the ways people perceived African Americans and primarily used civil disobedience, “occupations”, and boycotts. Today, affirmative action is used to call into action the government in favor of racial minorities.